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Neutral thioether and selenoether macrocyclic coordination to Group 1 cations (Li–Cs) – synthesis, spectroscopic and structural properties

Neutral thioether and selenoether macrocyclic coordination to Group 1 cations (Li–Cs) – synthesis, spectroscopic and structural properties
Neutral thioether and selenoether macrocyclic coordination to Group 1 cations (Li–Cs) – synthesis, spectroscopic and structural properties
The complexes [M(L)][BArF] (BArF = tetrakis{3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl}borate), L = [18]aneO4S2 (1,4,10,13-tetraoxa-7,16-dithiacyclooctadecane): M = Li–Cs; L = [18]aneO2S4 (1,10-dioxa-4,7,13,16-tetrathiacyclooctadecane): M = Li, Na, K; L = [18]aneO4Se2 (1,4,10,13-tetraoxa-7,16-diselenacyclooctadecane): M = Na, K, as well as [Na(18-crown-6)][BArF], are obtained in good yield as crystalline solids by reaction of M[BArF] with the appropriate macrocycle in dry CH2Cl2. X-ray crystallographic analyses of [Li([18]aneO4S2)][BArF] and [Li([18]aneO2S4)][BArF] show discrete distorted octahedral cations with hexadentate coordination to the macrocycle. The heavier alkali metal complexes all contain hexadentate coordination of the heterocrown, supplemented by M?F interactions via the anions, producing extended structures with higher coordination numbers; Na: CN = 7 or 8; K: CN = 8; Rb: CN = 9; Cs: CN = 8 or 10. Notably, all of the structures exhibit significant M–S/Se coordination. The crystal structures of the potassium and rubidium complexes show two distinct [M(heterocrown)]+ cations, one with M?F interactions to two mutually cis [BArF]? anions, and the other with mutually trans [BArF]? anions, giving 1D chain polymers. Solution multinuclear (1H, 13C, 7Li, 23Na, 133Cs) NMR data show that the macrocyclic coordination is retained in CH2Cl2 solution.
0300-9246
18748-18759
Champion, Martin J. D.
4fecac1b-031e-45ea-ad7e-334d4da16f47
Levason, William
e7f6d7c7-643c-49f5-8b57-0ebbe1bb52cd
Pugh, David
9ec61267-ae4d-40d8-bebf-0d603e2588d3
Reid, Gillian
37d35b11-40ce-48c5-a68e-f6ce04cd4037
Champion, Martin J. D.
4fecac1b-031e-45ea-ad7e-334d4da16f47
Levason, William
e7f6d7c7-643c-49f5-8b57-0ebbe1bb52cd
Pugh, David
9ec61267-ae4d-40d8-bebf-0d603e2588d3
Reid, Gillian
37d35b11-40ce-48c5-a68e-f6ce04cd4037

Champion, Martin J. D., Levason, William, Pugh, David and Reid, Gillian (2015) Neutral thioether and selenoether macrocyclic coordination to Group 1 cations (Li–Cs) – synthesis, spectroscopic and structural properties. Dalton Transactions, 44 (43), 18748-18759. (doi:10.1039/C5DT02583D).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The complexes [M(L)][BArF] (BArF = tetrakis{3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)-phenyl}borate), L = [18]aneO4S2 (1,4,10,13-tetraoxa-7,16-dithiacyclooctadecane): M = Li–Cs; L = [18]aneO2S4 (1,10-dioxa-4,7,13,16-tetrathiacyclooctadecane): M = Li, Na, K; L = [18]aneO4Se2 (1,4,10,13-tetraoxa-7,16-diselenacyclooctadecane): M = Na, K, as well as [Na(18-crown-6)][BArF], are obtained in good yield as crystalline solids by reaction of M[BArF] with the appropriate macrocycle in dry CH2Cl2. X-ray crystallographic analyses of [Li([18]aneO4S2)][BArF] and [Li([18]aneO2S4)][BArF] show discrete distorted octahedral cations with hexadentate coordination to the macrocycle. The heavier alkali metal complexes all contain hexadentate coordination of the heterocrown, supplemented by M?F interactions via the anions, producing extended structures with higher coordination numbers; Na: CN = 7 or 8; K: CN = 8; Rb: CN = 9; Cs: CN = 8 or 10. Notably, all of the structures exhibit significant M–S/Se coordination. The crystal structures of the potassium and rubidium complexes show two distinct [M(heterocrown)]+ cations, one with M?F interactions to two mutually cis [BArF]? anions, and the other with mutually trans [BArF]? anions, giving 1D chain polymers. Solution multinuclear (1H, 13C, 7Li, 23Na, 133Cs) NMR data show that the macrocyclic coordination is retained in CH2Cl2 solution.

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Accepted/In Press date: 14 August 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 August 2015
Published date: 21 November 2015
Organisations: Organic Chemistry: SCF

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 383287
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/383287
ISSN: 0300-9246
PURE UUID: 0487fbde-b0aa-4b76-bc4f-0c9ae778f9ce
ORCID for William Levason: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3540-0971
ORCID for Gillian Reid: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5349-3468

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Date deposited: 23 Oct 2015 11:36
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 01:28

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