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The meaning of marriage vis-a-vis childbearing in Europe and the United States

The meaning of marriage vis-a-vis childbearing in Europe and the United States
The meaning of marriage vis-a-vis childbearing in Europe and the United States
This paper extends Holland’s (2013) marriage typology, linking the timing of marriage, childbearing, and cohabitation, and apply it to the Harmonized Histories covering a range of European countries and the United States. The meaning of marriage is organized around six ideal types: Direct Family Forming, Post-Cohabitation Family Forming, Conception-Related Legitimizing, Birth-Related Legitimizing, Reinforcing and Capstone marriage. Although smaller shares of women entered marriage at each age across cohorts, there is increasing diversity in the timing and context of marriage. Family Forming marriage continues to be the majority marriage experience, but Direct Family Forming marriage has declined and Post-Cohabitation Family Forming marriage has increased. Conception-Related Legitimizing marriages became more important in Central and Eastern Europe, but less common in Western and Anglo-Saxon countries. Limited evidence for growth in post-first-birth marriages suggest that childbearing intentions or a first conception continue to be important triggers for marriage, although this may be changing in Nordic, Western European and Anglo-Saxon countries. Taken together results suggest that marriage continues to be very closely linked to childbearing for women in diverse country contexts.
2042-4116
72
University of Southampton
Holland, Jennifer
41865235-7e0e-4674-ac1f-9569e6a0ff9b
McGowan, Teresa
4524e894-04de-4822-8508-f4b966e12ae2
Holland, Jennifer
41865235-7e0e-4674-ac1f-9569e6a0ff9b
McGowan, Teresa
4524e894-04de-4822-8508-f4b966e12ae2

Holland, Jennifer , McGowan, Teresa (ed.) (2015) The meaning of marriage vis-a-vis childbearing in Europe and the United States (ESRC Centre for Population Change Working Papers, 72) Southampton, GB. University of Southampton 19pp.

Record type: Monograph (Working Paper)

Abstract

This paper extends Holland’s (2013) marriage typology, linking the timing of marriage, childbearing, and cohabitation, and apply it to the Harmonized Histories covering a range of European countries and the United States. The meaning of marriage is organized around six ideal types: Direct Family Forming, Post-Cohabitation Family Forming, Conception-Related Legitimizing, Birth-Related Legitimizing, Reinforcing and Capstone marriage. Although smaller shares of women entered marriage at each age across cohorts, there is increasing diversity in the timing and context of marriage. Family Forming marriage continues to be the majority marriage experience, but Direct Family Forming marriage has declined and Post-Cohabitation Family Forming marriage has increased. Conception-Related Legitimizing marriages became more important in Central and Eastern Europe, but less common in Western and Anglo-Saxon countries. Limited evidence for growth in post-first-birth marriages suggest that childbearing intentions or a first conception continue to be important triggers for marriage, although this may be changing in Nordic, Western European and Anglo-Saxon countries. Taken together results suggest that marriage continues to be very closely linked to childbearing for women in diverse country contexts.

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Published date: 10 November 2015
Organisations: Social Statistics & Demography, Centre for Population Change

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 383770
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/383770
ISSN: 2042-4116
PURE UUID: a5141050-91a4-44b6-80f8-e1cd9739f7f3

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Date deposited: 18 Nov 2015 10:35
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 20:10

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