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Climate change adaptation frameworks: an evaluation of plans for coastal Suffolk, UK

Climate change adaptation frameworks: an evaluation of plans for coastal Suffolk, UK
Climate change adaptation frameworks: an evaluation of plans for coastal Suffolk, UK
This paper asserts that three principal frameworks for climate change adaptation can be recognised in the literature: scenario-led (SL), vulnerability-led (VL) and decision-centric (DC) frameworks. A criterion is developed to differentiate these frameworks in recent adaptation projects. The criterion features six key hallmarks as follows: (1) use of climate model information; (2) analysis of metrics/units; (3) socio-economic knowledge; (4) stakeholder engagement; (5) adaptation of implementation mechanisms; (6) tier of adaptation implementation. The paper then tests the validity of this approach using adaptation projects on the Suffolk coast, UK. Fourteen adaptation plans were identified in an online survey. They were analysed in relation to the hallmarks outlined above and assigned to an adaptation framework.

The results show that while some adaptation plans are primarily SL, VL or DC, the majority are hybrid, showing a mixture of DC/VL and DC/SL characteristics. Interestingly, the SL/VL combination is not observed, perhaps because the DC framework is intermediate and attempts to overcome weaknesses of both SL and VL approaches. The majority (57 %) of adaptation projects generated a risk assessment or advice notes. Further development of this type of framework analysis would allow better guidance on approaches for organisations when implementing climate change adaptation initiatives, and other similar proactive long-term planning.
1684-9981
2511-2524
Armstrong, J.
eebf4499-f444-419b-a3ce-35cc09f8bbaf
Wilby, R.
e5450ecc-ba5c-4321-80b8-bcac91c2e953
Nicholls, R.
4ce1e355-cc5d-4702-8124-820932c57076
Armstrong, J.
eebf4499-f444-419b-a3ce-35cc09f8bbaf
Wilby, R.
e5450ecc-ba5c-4321-80b8-bcac91c2e953
Nicholls, R.
4ce1e355-cc5d-4702-8124-820932c57076

Armstrong, J., Wilby, R. and Nicholls, R. (2015) Climate change adaptation frameworks: an evaluation of plans for coastal Suffolk, UK. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 15, 2511-2524. (doi:10.5194/nhess-15-2511-2015).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper asserts that three principal frameworks for climate change adaptation can be recognised in the literature: scenario-led (SL), vulnerability-led (VL) and decision-centric (DC) frameworks. A criterion is developed to differentiate these frameworks in recent adaptation projects. The criterion features six key hallmarks as follows: (1) use of climate model information; (2) analysis of metrics/units; (3) socio-economic knowledge; (4) stakeholder engagement; (5) adaptation of implementation mechanisms; (6) tier of adaptation implementation. The paper then tests the validity of this approach using adaptation projects on the Suffolk coast, UK. Fourteen adaptation plans were identified in an online survey. They were analysed in relation to the hallmarks outlined above and assigned to an adaptation framework.

The results show that while some adaptation plans are primarily SL, VL or DC, the majority are hybrid, showing a mixture of DC/VL and DC/SL characteristics. Interestingly, the SL/VL combination is not observed, perhaps because the DC framework is intermediate and attempts to overcome weaknesses of both SL and VL approaches. The majority (57 %) of adaptation projects generated a risk assessment or advice notes. Further development of this type of framework analysis would allow better guidance on approaches for organisations when implementing climate change adaptation initiatives, and other similar proactive long-term planning.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 5 October 2015
Published date: 18 November 2015
Organisations: Energy & Climate Change Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 384168
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/384168
ISSN: 1684-9981
PURE UUID: be186099-c586-4a42-a2a2-349b7d4c0fe3
ORCID for R. Nicholls: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9715-1109

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 17 Dec 2015 09:16
Last modified: 20 Jul 2019 00:59

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