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Highly efficient blue photoluminescence from colloidal lead-iodide nanoparticles

Highly efficient blue photoluminescence from colloidal lead-iodide nanoparticles
Highly efficient blue photoluminescence from colloidal lead-iodide nanoparticles
We report the synthesis of solvent-stabilized lead-iodide nanoparticles, using a convenient route involving coordinating solvents. The resultant colloids show strong absorption features in the ultraviolet region of the optical spectrum, which are consistent with the formation of semiconducting nanocrystals of lead (II) iodide. An effective-mass approximation model of quantum-confined states is in good agreement with the observed transition energies, giving strong indications of the particle morphologies and dimensions. Intense photoluminescence is also observed, with some spectral tuning possible with ripening time, giving a range of emission photon energies approximately spanning from 2.5 to 3.0 eV. We measure photo-stable luminescence quantum efficiencies of around 20% in solution, increasing to up to 30% if the coordinating ligand is exchanged for a Lewis-base capping layer. This demonstrates the potential for the utilization of lead-iodide nanocrystals in visible optoelectronics applications.
0022-3727
1477-1480
Finlayson, C.E.
bcc6c2a7-e346-4b08-93e7-be12c7033dac
Sazio, Pier-John
0d6200b5-9947-469a-8e97-9147da8a7158
Finlayson, C.E.
bcc6c2a7-e346-4b08-93e7-be12c7033dac
Sazio, Pier-John
0d6200b5-9947-469a-8e97-9147da8a7158

Finlayson, C.E. and Sazio, Pier-John (2006) Highly efficient blue photoluminescence from colloidal lead-iodide nanoparticles Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 39, (8), pp. 1477-1480.

Record type: Article

Abstract

We report the synthesis of solvent-stabilized lead-iodide nanoparticles, using a convenient route involving coordinating solvents. The resultant colloids show strong absorption features in the ultraviolet region of the optical spectrum, which are consistent with the formation of semiconducting nanocrystals of lead (II) iodide. An effective-mass approximation model of quantum-confined states is in good agreement with the observed transition energies, giving strong indications of the particle morphologies and dimensions. Intense photoluminescence is also observed, with some spectral tuning possible with ripening time, giving a range of emission photon energies approximately spanning from 2.5 to 3.0 eV. We measure photo-stable luminescence quantum efficiencies of around 20% in solution, increasing to up to 30% if the coordinating ligand is exchanged for a Lewis-base capping layer. This demonstrates the potential for the utilization of lead-iodide nanocrystals in visible optoelectronics applications.

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Published date: 2006

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 38444
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/38444
ISSN: 0022-3727
PURE UUID: c2321d4a-98d1-463a-9f68-2b42f1a596f0
ORCID for Pier-John Sazio: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6506-9266

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Date deposited: 08 Jun 2006
Last modified: 08 Oct 2017 02:38

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Contributors

Author: C.E. Finlayson
Author: Pier-John Sazio ORCID iD

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