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Mass deposition of jellyfish in the deep Arabian Sea

Mass deposition of jellyfish in the deep Arabian Sea
Mass deposition of jellyfish in the deep Arabian Sea
In December 2002 large numbers of dead jellyfish, Crambionella orsini (Vanhöffen 1888), were observed on the seabed over a wide area of the Arabian Sea off the coast of Oman, at depths between 350 and 3300 m. Moribund jellyfish were seen tumbling down the continental slope. Large aggregations of dead jellyfish were evident within canyons and on the continental rise. At the deepest stations, patches of rotting, coagulated jellyfish occurred. The patches were several metres in diameter, at least 7 cm thick and covered about 17% of the sediment surface. At other locations on the continental rise the seafloor was covered in a thin, almost continuous, layer of jelly “slime,” a few millimetres thick, or was littered with individual jellyfish corpses. Photographic transects were used to estimate the amount of carbon associated with the jelly detritus. The standing stock of carbon varied between 1.5 and 78 g C m-2, the higher figure exceeding the annual downward flux of organic carbon, as measured by sediment traps, by more than an order of magnitude. The episodic nature of jellyfish blooms, which may be modulated by global change phenomena, provides a hitherto unknown mechanism for large-scale spatial and temporal patchiness in deep-sea benthic ecosystems.
jellyfish, arabian sea
0024-3590
2077-2083
Billett, D.S.M.
aab439e2-c839-4cd2-815c-3d401e0468db
Bett, B.J.
61342990-13be-45ae-9f5c-9540114335d9
Jacobs, C.L.
31c486c4-2d8a-4143-8456-8664447a7858
Rouse, I.P.
b0c559a7-4186-4936-b234-597f14b0aafe
Wigham, B.D.
baa74f68-edf2-4301-9d78-92beaa885acf
Billett, D.S.M.
aab439e2-c839-4cd2-815c-3d401e0468db
Bett, B.J.
61342990-13be-45ae-9f5c-9540114335d9
Jacobs, C.L.
31c486c4-2d8a-4143-8456-8664447a7858
Rouse, I.P.
b0c559a7-4186-4936-b234-597f14b0aafe
Wigham, B.D.
baa74f68-edf2-4301-9d78-92beaa885acf

Billett, D.S.M., Bett, B.J., Jacobs, C.L., Rouse, I.P. and Wigham, B.D. (2006) Mass deposition of jellyfish in the deep Arabian Sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 51 (5), 2077-2083.

Record type: Article

Abstract

In December 2002 large numbers of dead jellyfish, Crambionella orsini (Vanhöffen 1888), were observed on the seabed over a wide area of the Arabian Sea off the coast of Oman, at depths between 350 and 3300 m. Moribund jellyfish were seen tumbling down the continental slope. Large aggregations of dead jellyfish were evident within canyons and on the continental rise. At the deepest stations, patches of rotting, coagulated jellyfish occurred. The patches were several metres in diameter, at least 7 cm thick and covered about 17% of the sediment surface. At other locations on the continental rise the seafloor was covered in a thin, almost continuous, layer of jelly “slime,” a few millimetres thick, or was littered with individual jellyfish corpses. Photographic transects were used to estimate the amount of carbon associated with the jelly detritus. The standing stock of carbon varied between 1.5 and 78 g C m-2, the higher figure exceeding the annual downward flux of organic carbon, as measured by sediment traps, by more than an order of magnitude. The episodic nature of jellyfish blooms, which may be modulated by global change phenomena, provides a hitherto unknown mechanism for large-scale spatial and temporal patchiness in deep-sea benthic ecosystems.

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More information

Published date: September 2006
Keywords: jellyfish, arabian sea

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 38529
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/38529
ISSN: 0024-3590
PURE UUID: 83afe4cb-558a-4675-9282-7aee59c91923

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Date deposited: 12 Jun 2006
Last modified: 02 Dec 2019 19:30

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Contributors

Author: D.S.M. Billett
Author: B.J. Bett
Author: C.L. Jacobs
Author: I.P. Rouse
Author: B.D. Wigham

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