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Whole grain intake, determined by dietary records and plasma alkylresorcinol concentrations, is low among pregnant women in Singapore

Whole grain intake, determined by dietary records and plasma alkylresorcinol concentrations, is low among pregnant women in Singapore
Whole grain intake, determined by dietary records and plasma alkylresorcinol concentrations, is low among pregnant women in Singapore
Background and Objectives: To quantify whole grain intake in pregnant women in Singapore in order to provide the first detailed analysis of whole grain intake in an Asian country and in pregnant women. Methods and Study Design: Analysis of 24-h diet recalls in a cross-sectional cohort study and analysis of a biomarker of whole grain intake (plasma alkylresorcinols) in a subset of subjects. The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes-mother offspring cohort study based in Singapore. 998 pregnant mothers with complete 24-h recalls taken during their 26-28^(th) week of gestation. Plasma samples from a randomly select subset of 100 subjects were analysed for plasma alkylresorcinols. Results: Median (IQR) whole grain intake for the cohort and the 30% who reported eating whole grains were 0 (IQR 0, 9) and 23.6 (IQR 14.6, 44.2) g/day respectively. Plasma alkylresorcinol concentrations were very low [median (IQR)=9 (3, 15) nmol/L], suggesting low intake of whole grain wheat in this population. Plasma alkylresorcinols were correlated with whole grain wheat intake (Spearman's r=0.35; p?0.01). Conclusions: Whole grain intake among pregnant mothers in Singapore was well below the 2-3 (60-95 g) servings of whole grains per day recommended by the Singapore Health Promotion Board. Efforts to increase whole grain intake should be supported to encourage people to choose whole grains over refined grains in their diet.
0964-7058
674-682
Ross, A.B.
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Colega, M.T.
94f8cba9-6296-42dd-9294-e3db5f9fedfa
Lim, A.L.
95297b10-ba76-431a-bfd2-cbe1a3e4012e
Silva-Zolezzi, I.
361c5763-3424-4ff7-bc15-19c2d1ad95df
Mace, K.
8766846e-e1e0-428b-a5d8-536e08031909
Saw, S.M.
0684517e-f27e-49f0-98c3-7630e8fd1bbd
Kwek, K.
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Gluckman, P.
dadc86d4-4eaa-4589-b560-413a9e564558
Godfrey, K.M.
0931701e-fe2c-44b5-8f0d-ec5c7477a6fd
Chong, Y.S.
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Chong, M.F.
817aa809-0368-4e08-a395-1e7fc2e0410f
Ross, A.B.
ab647ac5-68fb-42e0-8d24-96cd02a122fb
Colega, M.T.
94f8cba9-6296-42dd-9294-e3db5f9fedfa
Lim, A.L.
95297b10-ba76-431a-bfd2-cbe1a3e4012e
Silva-Zolezzi, I.
361c5763-3424-4ff7-bc15-19c2d1ad95df
Mace, K.
8766846e-e1e0-428b-a5d8-536e08031909
Saw, S.M.
0684517e-f27e-49f0-98c3-7630e8fd1bbd
Kwek, K.
1a9b6c6e-a5e9-40a2-9bfe-44c2cea62a98
Gluckman, P.
dadc86d4-4eaa-4589-b560-413a9e564558
Godfrey, K.M.
0931701e-fe2c-44b5-8f0d-ec5c7477a6fd
Chong, Y.S.
b50c99c9-4d83-46c5-a1c7-23f9a553ab8a
Chong, M.F.
817aa809-0368-4e08-a395-1e7fc2e0410f

Ross, A.B., Colega, M.T., Lim, A.L., Silva-Zolezzi, I., Mace, K., Saw, S.M., Kwek, K., Gluckman, P., Godfrey, K.M., Chong, Y.S. and Chong, M.F. (2015) Whole grain intake, determined by dietary records and plasma alkylresorcinol concentrations, is low among pregnant women in Singapore. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 24 (4), 674-682. (doi:10.6133/apjcn.2015.24.4.19). (PMID:26693753)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background and Objectives: To quantify whole grain intake in pregnant women in Singapore in order to provide the first detailed analysis of whole grain intake in an Asian country and in pregnant women. Methods and Study Design: Analysis of 24-h diet recalls in a cross-sectional cohort study and analysis of a biomarker of whole grain intake (plasma alkylresorcinols) in a subset of subjects. The Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes-mother offspring cohort study based in Singapore. 998 pregnant mothers with complete 24-h recalls taken during their 26-28^(th) week of gestation. Plasma samples from a randomly select subset of 100 subjects were analysed for plasma alkylresorcinols. Results: Median (IQR) whole grain intake for the cohort and the 30% who reported eating whole grains were 0 (IQR 0, 9) and 23.6 (IQR 14.6, 44.2) g/day respectively. Plasma alkylresorcinol concentrations were very low [median (IQR)=9 (3, 15) nmol/L], suggesting low intake of whole grain wheat in this population. Plasma alkylresorcinols were correlated with whole grain wheat intake (Spearman's r=0.35; p?0.01). Conclusions: Whole grain intake among pregnant mothers in Singapore was well below the 2-3 (60-95 g) servings of whole grains per day recommended by the Singapore Health Promotion Board. Efforts to increase whole grain intake should be supported to encourage people to choose whole grains over refined grains in their diet.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: April 2015
Published date: 1 December 2015
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 385458
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/385458
ISSN: 0964-7058
PURE UUID: cb33ca57-dbf5-4f87-825b-039baa0d693a
ORCID for K.M. Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618

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Date deposited: 19 Jan 2016 16:19
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 01:35

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Contributors

Author: A.B. Ross
Author: M.T. Colega
Author: A.L. Lim
Author: I. Silva-Zolezzi
Author: K. Mace
Author: S.M. Saw
Author: K. Kwek
Author: P. Gluckman
Author: K.M. Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: Y.S. Chong
Author: M.F. Chong

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