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Anthropogenic sources of underwater sound can modify how sediment-dwelling invertebrates mediate ecosystem properties

Anthropogenic sources of underwater sound can modify how sediment-dwelling invertebrates mediate ecosystem properties
Anthropogenic sources of underwater sound can modify how sediment-dwelling invertebrates mediate ecosystem properties
Coastal and shelf environments support high levels of biodiversity that are vital in mediating ecosystem processes, but they are also subject to noise associated with mounting levels of offshore human activity. This has the potential to alter the way in which species interact with their environment, compromising the mediation of important ecosystem properties. Here, we show that exposure to underwater broadband sound fields that resemble offshore shipping and construction activity can alter sediment-dwelling invertebrate contributions to fluid and particle transport - key processes in mediating benthic nutrient cycling. Despite high levels of intra-specific variability in physiological response, we find that changes in the behaviour of some functionally important species can be dependent on the class of broadband sound (continuous or impulsive). Our study provides evidence that exposing coastal environments to anthropogenic sound fields is likely to have much wider ecosystem consequences than are presently acknowledged
Solan, Martin
c28b294a-1db6-4677-8eab-bd8d6221fecf
Hauton, Chris
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Godbold, Jasmin A.
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Wood, Christina L.
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Leighton, Timothy G.
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White, Paul
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Solan, Martin
c28b294a-1db6-4677-8eab-bd8d6221fecf
Hauton, Chris
7706f6ba-4497-42b2-8c6d-00df81676331
Godbold, Jasmin A.
df6da569-e7ea-43ca-8a95-a563829fb88a
Wood, Christina L.
9a3c06f1-8b71-4a44-867b-af38316ec369
Leighton, Timothy G.
3e5262ce-1d7d-42eb-b013-fcc5c286bbae
White, Paul
2dd2477b-5aa9-42e2-9d19-0806d994eaba

Solan, Martin, Hauton, Chris, Godbold, Jasmin A., Wood, Christina L., Leighton, Timothy G. and White, Paul (2016) Anthropogenic sources of underwater sound can modify how sediment-dwelling invertebrates mediate ecosystem properties. Scientific Reports, 6, [20540]. (doi:10.1038/srep20540).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Coastal and shelf environments support high levels of biodiversity that are vital in mediating ecosystem processes, but they are also subject to noise associated with mounting levels of offshore human activity. This has the potential to alter the way in which species interact with their environment, compromising the mediation of important ecosystem properties. Here, we show that exposure to underwater broadband sound fields that resemble offshore shipping and construction activity can alter sediment-dwelling invertebrate contributions to fluid and particle transport - key processes in mediating benthic nutrient cycling. Despite high levels of intra-specific variability in physiological response, we find that changes in the behaviour of some functionally important species can be dependent on the class of broadband sound (continuous or impulsive). Our study provides evidence that exposing coastal environments to anthropogenic sound fields is likely to have much wider ecosystem consequences than are presently acknowledged

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Accepted/In Press date: 6 January 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 5 February 2016
Published date: 5 February 2016
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science, Acoustics Group, Ocean & Earth Science Technical, Inst. Sound & Vibration Research, Signal Processing & Control Grp, Marine Biology & Ecology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 386982
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/386982
PURE UUID: b8f49079-b3ac-4431-94e8-b9b73460b10f
ORCID for Martin Solan: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9924-5574
ORCID for Chris Hauton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2313-4226
ORCID for Jasmin A. Godbold: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5558-8188
ORCID for Timothy G. Leighton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1649-8750
ORCID for Paul White: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4787-8713

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Date deposited: 05 Feb 2016 14:02
Last modified: 27 Jan 2020 13:45

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Contributors

Author: Martin Solan ORCID iD
Author: Chris Hauton ORCID iD
Author: Christina L. Wood
Author: Paul White ORCID iD

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