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Prospective associations of appetitive traits at 3 and 12 months of age with body mass index and weight gain in the first 2 years of life

Prospective associations of appetitive traits at 3 and 12 months of age with body mass index and weight gain in the first 2 years of life
Prospective associations of appetitive traits at 3 and 12 months of age with body mass index and weight gain in the first 2 years of life
BACKGROUND: Appetitive traits in childhood such as food responsiveness and enjoyment of food have been associated with body mass index (BMI) in later childhood. However, data on appetitive traits during infancy in relation to BMI in later childhood are sparse. We aimed to relate appetitive traits in infancy to subsequent BMI and weight gain up to 24 months of age.

METHODS: Data of 210 infants from the Singapore GUSTO mother-offspring cohort was obtained. The Baby Eating Behavior Questionnaire (BEBQ) and the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) were administered to mothers when their offspring were aged 3 and 12 months respectively. Height and weight of offspring were measured at ages 3, 6, 9,12,15,18 and 24 months. The association of appetitive traits with both BMI z-score and weight gain were evaluated using multivariate linear regression.

RESULTS: Food responsiveness at 3 months was associated with higher BMI from 6 months up to 15 months of age (p < 0.01) and with greater weight gain between 3 and 6 months of age (p = 0.012). Slowness in eating and satiety responsiveness at 3 months was significantly associated with lower BMI at 6 months (p < 0.01) and with less weight gain between 3 to 6 months of age (p = 0.034). None of the appetitive traits at 12 months were significantly associated with BMI or weight gain over any time period.

CONCLUSION: Early assessment of appetitive traits at 3 months of age but not at 12 months of age was associated with BMI and weight gain over the first two years of life.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials identifier NCT01174875.
appetitive traits, weight, weight gain, bebq, cebq, bmi
1471-2431
1-10
Quah, Phaik Ling
e0f2f623-bf5c-4ab8-8a57-b64be57e3ede
Chan, Yiong Huak
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Aris, Izzuddin M.
28b7a24b-ea38-428a-9398-c275731002f2
Pang, Wei Wei
ea5e4a08-2641-485d-854d-62734f51ffe4
Toh, Jia Ying
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Tint, Mya Thway
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Broekman, Birit F.P.
c8933c70-c439-4676-9d4d-2c522f193589
Saw, Seang Mei
33ff828f-7c1c-4dc4-b238-a0850377a227
Kwek, Kenneth
020d4ba4-4abe-4d07-84ec-b7787d94277d
Godfrey, Keith M.
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Gluckman, Peter D.
ef2e8b92-0b76-4a12-bd7c-01b0674f94d3
Chong, Yap Seng
2a4de82a-bdd8-40d1-a88a-dbee6250bb0a
Meaney, Michael J.
5c6db45a-1f5b-4e1f-8c0b-07a8f7b29f66
Yap, Fabian K.P.
dc2c3027-c610-4298-be66-6f2792e9d633
van Dam, Rob M.
b507f7ec-b74d-4111-961c-cdd782cc7874
Lee, Yung Seng
0e28a8d6-3085-4086-9fa1-ac0684783bcf
Chong, Mary F.F.
8afcdbd9-895d-4dbd-8070-14065eb330b4
Quah, Phaik Ling
e0f2f623-bf5c-4ab8-8a57-b64be57e3ede
Chan, Yiong Huak
3e6bb630-bddc-4713-8a9f-3d90c6dfe712
Aris, Izzuddin M.
28b7a24b-ea38-428a-9398-c275731002f2
Pang, Wei Wei
ea5e4a08-2641-485d-854d-62734f51ffe4
Toh, Jia Ying
5fc0d478-3826-42ea-84a0-26eac60733bf
Tint, Mya Thway
3aaf54db-4dbd-4d6b-90ae-440a18e381ef
Broekman, Birit F.P.
c8933c70-c439-4676-9d4d-2c522f193589
Saw, Seang Mei
33ff828f-7c1c-4dc4-b238-a0850377a227
Kwek, Kenneth
020d4ba4-4abe-4d07-84ec-b7787d94277d
Godfrey, Keith M.
0931701e-fe2c-44b5-8f0d-ec5c7477a6fd
Gluckman, Peter D.
ef2e8b92-0b76-4a12-bd7c-01b0674f94d3
Chong, Yap Seng
2a4de82a-bdd8-40d1-a88a-dbee6250bb0a
Meaney, Michael J.
5c6db45a-1f5b-4e1f-8c0b-07a8f7b29f66
Yap, Fabian K.P.
dc2c3027-c610-4298-be66-6f2792e9d633
van Dam, Rob M.
b507f7ec-b74d-4111-961c-cdd782cc7874
Lee, Yung Seng
0e28a8d6-3085-4086-9fa1-ac0684783bcf
Chong, Mary F.F.
8afcdbd9-895d-4dbd-8070-14065eb330b4

Quah, Phaik Ling, Chan, Yiong Huak, Aris, Izzuddin M., Pang, Wei Wei, Toh, Jia Ying, Tint, Mya Thway, Broekman, Birit F.P., Saw, Seang Mei, Kwek, Kenneth, Godfrey, Keith M., Gluckman, Peter D., Chong, Yap Seng, Meaney, Michael J., Yap, Fabian K.P., van Dam, Rob M., Lee, Yung Seng and Chong, Mary F.F. (2015) Prospective associations of appetitive traits at 3 and 12 months of age with body mass index and weight gain in the first 2 years of life. BMC Pediatrics, 15 (153), 1-10. (doi:10.1186/s12887-015-0467-8). (PMID:26459321)

Record type: Article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Appetitive traits in childhood such as food responsiveness and enjoyment of food have been associated with body mass index (BMI) in later childhood. However, data on appetitive traits during infancy in relation to BMI in later childhood are sparse. We aimed to relate appetitive traits in infancy to subsequent BMI and weight gain up to 24 months of age.

METHODS: Data of 210 infants from the Singapore GUSTO mother-offspring cohort was obtained. The Baby Eating Behavior Questionnaire (BEBQ) and the Child Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) were administered to mothers when their offspring were aged 3 and 12 months respectively. Height and weight of offspring were measured at ages 3, 6, 9,12,15,18 and 24 months. The association of appetitive traits with both BMI z-score and weight gain were evaluated using multivariate linear regression.

RESULTS: Food responsiveness at 3 months was associated with higher BMI from 6 months up to 15 months of age (p < 0.01) and with greater weight gain between 3 and 6 months of age (p = 0.012). Slowness in eating and satiety responsiveness at 3 months was significantly associated with lower BMI at 6 months (p < 0.01) and with less weight gain between 3 to 6 months of age (p = 0.034). None of the appetitive traits at 12 months were significantly associated with BMI or weight gain over any time period.

CONCLUSION: Early assessment of appetitive traits at 3 months of age but not at 12 months of age was associated with BMI and weight gain over the first two years of life.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials identifier NCT01174875.

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Accepted/In Press date: 1 October 2015
Published date: 12 October 2015
Keywords: appetitive traits, weight, weight gain, bebq, cebq, bmi
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 387179
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/387179
ISSN: 1471-2431
PURE UUID: e3658b26-6fa4-4379-96b1-9af6caf37042
ORCID for Keith M. Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618

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Date deposited: 16 Feb 2016 14:28
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 01:35

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Contributors

Author: Phaik Ling Quah
Author: Yiong Huak Chan
Author: Izzuddin M. Aris
Author: Wei Wei Pang
Author: Jia Ying Toh
Author: Mya Thway Tint
Author: Birit F.P. Broekman
Author: Seang Mei Saw
Author: Kenneth Kwek
Author: Peter D. Gluckman
Author: Yap Seng Chong
Author: Michael J. Meaney
Author: Fabian K.P. Yap
Author: Rob M. van Dam
Author: Yung Seng Lee
Author: Mary F.F. Chong

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