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Separating narcissism from self-esteem

Brummelman, E., Thomaes, S. and Sedikides, C. (2016) Separating narcissism from self-esteem Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, (1), pp. 8-13.

Record type: Article


Narcissism is a personality trait characterized by a sense of superiority and a desire for respect and admiration from others. A common belief, both in psychology and in popular culture, is that narcissism represents a form of excessive self-esteem. Psychologists, including ourselves, have labeled narcissism as “an exaggerated form of high self-esteem,” “inflated self-esteem,” and “defensive high self-esteem.” We review research that challenges this belief by showing that narcissism differs markedly from self-esteem in its phenotype, its consequences, its development, and its origins. Drawing on emerging developmental-psychological evidence, we propose a distinction between narcissism and self-esteem that is based on the divergent socialization experiences that give rise to them. This proposal clarifies previous findings, stimulates theory development, and creates opportunities for intervention to concurrently raise self-esteem and curtail narcissism from an early age.

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Published date: February 2016
Keywords: narcissism, self-esteem, development, socialization, intervention
Organisations: Psychology


Local EPrints ID: 387223
ISSN: 0963-7214
PURE UUID: 4bd1592b-665b-4691-bb2b-fff85cc4b117

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Date deposited: 16 Feb 2016 15:45
Last modified: 30 Aug 2017 13:47

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Author: E. Brummelman
Author: S. Thomaes
Author: C. Sedikides

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