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A global perspective on drinking-water and sanitation classification: an evaluation of census content

A global perspective on drinking-water and sanitation classification: an evaluation of census content
A global perspective on drinking-water and sanitation classification: an evaluation of census content
Following the recent expiry of the United Nations’ 2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), new international development agenda covering 2030 water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) targets have been proposed, which imply new demands on data sources for monitoring relevant progress. This study evaluates drinking-water and sanitation classification systems from national census questionnaire content, based upon the most recent international policy changes, to examine national population census’s ability to capture drinking-water and sanitation availability, safety, accessibility, and sustainability. In total, 247 censuses from 83 low income and lower-middle income countries were assessed using a scoring system, intended to assess harmonised water supply and sanitation classification systems for each census relative to the typology needed to monitor the proposed post-2015 indicators of WASH targets. The results signal a lack of international harmonisation and standardisation in census categorisation systems, especially concerning safety, accessibility, and sustainability of services in current census content. This suggests further refinements and harmonisation of future census content may be necessary to reflect ambitions for post-2015 monitoring.
1932-6203
1-17
Yu, W.
4cca6f0a-badb-4f1c-8b38-da29ba0b9e09
Wardrop, N.
8f3a8171-0727-4375-bc68-10e7d616e176
Bain, R.E.S.
bc014460-35d7-4e81-8a01-0cf114356b46
Lin, Y.
7086cb21-5f6b-48cc-add3-2efb33746dbf
Zhang, C.
fa728450-fee5-44d4-ac66-25b57611c58d
Wright, J.
94990ecf-f8dd-4649-84f2-b28bf272e464
Yu, W.
4cca6f0a-badb-4f1c-8b38-da29ba0b9e09
Wardrop, N.
8f3a8171-0727-4375-bc68-10e7d616e176
Bain, R.E.S.
bc014460-35d7-4e81-8a01-0cf114356b46
Lin, Y.
7086cb21-5f6b-48cc-add3-2efb33746dbf
Zhang, C.
fa728450-fee5-44d4-ac66-25b57611c58d
Wright, J.
94990ecf-f8dd-4649-84f2-b28bf272e464

Yu, W., Wardrop, N., Bain, R.E.S., Lin, Y., Zhang, C. and Wright, J. (2016) A global perspective on drinking-water and sanitation classification: an evaluation of census content. PLoS ONE, 11 (3), 1-17. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0151645).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Following the recent expiry of the United Nations’ 2015 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), new international development agenda covering 2030 water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) targets have been proposed, which imply new demands on data sources for monitoring relevant progress. This study evaluates drinking-water and sanitation classification systems from national census questionnaire content, based upon the most recent international policy changes, to examine national population census’s ability to capture drinking-water and sanitation availability, safety, accessibility, and sustainability. In total, 247 censuses from 83 low income and lower-middle income countries were assessed using a scoring system, intended to assess harmonised water supply and sanitation classification systems for each census relative to the typology needed to monitor the proposed post-2015 indicators of WASH targets. The results signal a lack of international harmonisation and standardisation in census categorisation systems, especially concerning safety, accessibility, and sustainability of services in current census content. This suggests further refinements and harmonisation of future census content may be necessary to reflect ambitions for post-2015 monitoring.

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Accepted/In Press date: 3 March 2016
Published date: 17 March 2016
Organisations: Population, Health & Wellbeing (PHeW)

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 389604
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/389604
ISSN: 1932-6203
PURE UUID: 4bbcd662-3ab1-45e9-94a2-1883b667c7b2
ORCID for J. Wright: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8842-2181

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Date deposited: 10 Mar 2016 13:20
Last modified: 15 Aug 2019 00:44

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Contributors

Author: W. Yu
Author: N. Wardrop
Author: R.E.S. Bain
Author: Y. Lin
Author: C. Zhang
Author: J. Wright ORCID iD

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