The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Essays in labour economics

Essays in labour economics
Essays in labour economics
This thesis combines three essays in applied labour economics. The first essay in Chapter 2 mainly investigates three questions: (i) How has wage dispersion within male university graduates changed from 1997 to 2012 in the UK? (ii) What type of tasks and skills do university graduates apply on the job? (iii) To what extent can increased wage dispersion within university graduates be attributed to changes in job tasks and skills used in the workplace? The results suggest that male university graduates who are on the 90th percentile of the wage distribution have become better off, whereas the status of the workers in this group who are on the 10th percentile has not shown significant increase from 1997 to 2012. In addition, they show that this dispersion can be partly attributed to job skills such as numeracy and problem search and solving skills.

The second essay in Chapter 3 examines one important education policy-related question: How large are the efficiency gains from early tracking for the students who are streamed? In order to answer this question, a policy change which created an exogenous variation in the early tracking status of the students in Turkey was evaluated. The results show there was an additional 13% decrease in the mathematics test scores during the post-intervention periods for the students who were exposed to the policy change, compared to the students who were not subjected to it.

The third essay in Chapter 4 assesses to what extent returns to cognitive and motor skills vary across occupations in the UK by employing the heterogeneous human capital framework of Yamaguchi (2014), who defines occupations as a bundle of cognitive and motor task indices. Using self-reported cognitive and motor task information from the Skills Survey of Britain, the cognitive and motor task complexity vectors of occupations are calculated. Further, the varying returns to skills across occupations are quantified exploiting data from the British Household Panel Survey between 1991 and 2008. The results imply that there are heterogeneous rewards to cognitive skills depending on the workers' performed level of cognitive task complexity in their jobs.
Kara, Elif
2b7480e7-08b0-4e3b-8f33-4425b45ceebc
Kara, Elif
2b7480e7-08b0-4e3b-8f33-4425b45ceebc
Schluter, Christian
ae043254-4cc4-48aa-abad-56a36554de2b
Wahba, Jackie
d0625bdc-ab4c-4c4f-94b0-460a98a566d4
Vlassopoulos, Michael
2d557227-958c-4855-92a8-b74b398f95c7

(2015) Essays in labour economics. University of Southampton, School of Social Sciences, Doctoral Thesis, 152pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

This thesis combines three essays in applied labour economics. The first essay in Chapter 2 mainly investigates three questions: (i) How has wage dispersion within male university graduates changed from 1997 to 2012 in the UK? (ii) What type of tasks and skills do university graduates apply on the job? (iii) To what extent can increased wage dispersion within university graduates be attributed to changes in job tasks and skills used in the workplace? The results suggest that male university graduates who are on the 90th percentile of the wage distribution have become better off, whereas the status of the workers in this group who are on the 10th percentile has not shown significant increase from 1997 to 2012. In addition, they show that this dispersion can be partly attributed to job skills such as numeracy and problem search and solving skills.

The second essay in Chapter 3 examines one important education policy-related question: How large are the efficiency gains from early tracking for the students who are streamed? In order to answer this question, a policy change which created an exogenous variation in the early tracking status of the students in Turkey was evaluated. The results show there was an additional 13% decrease in the mathematics test scores during the post-intervention periods for the students who were exposed to the policy change, compared to the students who were not subjected to it.

The third essay in Chapter 4 assesses to what extent returns to cognitive and motor skills vary across occupations in the UK by employing the heterogeneous human capital framework of Yamaguchi (2014), who defines occupations as a bundle of cognitive and motor task indices. Using self-reported cognitive and motor task information from the Skills Survey of Britain, the cognitive and motor task complexity vectors of occupations are calculated. Further, the varying returns to skills across occupations are quantified exploiting data from the British Household Panel Survey between 1991 and 2008. The results imply that there are heterogeneous rewards to cognitive skills depending on the workers' performed level of cognitive task complexity in their jobs.

PDF
Thesis-ElifK.pdf - Accepted Manuscript
Download (1MB)

More information

Published date: December 2015
Organisations: University of Southampton, Social Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 389732
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/389732
PURE UUID: 2a7cddc4-4cce-4d8c-9ce4-cd4da8d75f74
ORCID for Michael Vlassopoulos: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3683-1466

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 Mar 2016 13:23
Last modified: 27 Jul 2019 00:34

Export record

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×