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Formation of supermassive black holes through fragmentation of torodial supermassive stars

Formation of supermassive black holes through fragmentation of torodial supermassive stars
Formation of supermassive black holes through fragmentation of torodial supermassive stars
We investigate new paths to supermassive black hole formation by considering the general relativistic evolution of a differentially rotating polytrope with a toroidal shape. We find that this polytrope is unstable to nonaxisymmetric modes, which leads to a fragmentation into self-gravitating, collapsing components. In the case of one such fragment, we apply a simplified adaptive mesh refinement technique to follow the evolution to the formation of an apparent horizon centered on the fragment. This is the first study of the onset of nonaxisymmetric dynamical instabilities of supermassive stars in full general relativity.
0031-9007
161101-[4pp]
Zink, B.
09c0bc5c-8f86-4668-bb83-7adbd2f58482
Stergioulas, N.
ccca6b37-49a6-41e6-9447-59af0073af4e
Hawke, I.
fc964672-c794-4260-a972-eaf818e7c9f4
Ott, C.
55df56da-1987-44bd-867e-4a6ab1b0b4fa
Schnetter, E.
544c2aff-bf71-45af-8d32-230f486eb837
Muller, E.
7a49be0a-3dbe-4e0d-9b00-5daa874f5762
Zink, B.
09c0bc5c-8f86-4668-bb83-7adbd2f58482
Stergioulas, N.
ccca6b37-49a6-41e6-9447-59af0073af4e
Hawke, I.
fc964672-c794-4260-a972-eaf818e7c9f4
Ott, C.
55df56da-1987-44bd-867e-4a6ab1b0b4fa
Schnetter, E.
544c2aff-bf71-45af-8d32-230f486eb837
Muller, E.
7a49be0a-3dbe-4e0d-9b00-5daa874f5762

Zink, B., Stergioulas, N., Hawke, I., Ott, C., Schnetter, E. and Muller, E. (2006) Formation of supermassive black holes through fragmentation of torodial supermassive stars. Physical Review Letters, 96 (16), 161101-[4pp]. (doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.161101).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We investigate new paths to supermassive black hole formation by considering the general relativistic evolution of a differentially rotating polytrope with a toroidal shape. We find that this polytrope is unstable to nonaxisymmetric modes, which leads to a fragmentation into self-gravitating, collapsing components. In the case of one such fragment, we apply a simplified adaptive mesh refinement technique to follow the evolution to the formation of an apparent horizon centered on the fragment. This is the first study of the onset of nonaxisymmetric dynamical instabilities of supermassive stars in full general relativity.

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Published date: 26 April 2006

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 39027
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/39027
ISSN: 0031-9007
PURE UUID: 195458ef-b39f-4578-b690-30855e95dd8f
ORCID for I. Hawke: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4805-0309

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Jun 2006
Last modified: 12 Apr 2022 01:38

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Contributors

Author: B. Zink
Author: N. Stergioulas
Author: I. Hawke ORCID iD
Author: C. Ott
Author: E. Schnetter
Author: E. Muller

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