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“Without English this is just not possible…”: studies of language policy and practice in international universities from Europe and Asia

“Without English this is just not possible…”: studies of language policy and practice in international universities from Europe and Asia
“Without English this is just not possible…”: studies of language policy and practice in international universities from Europe and Asia
Over the last decade there has been a huge increase in the internationalisation of higher education institutes (HEI) with growing numbers of international students in many countries, especially Anglophone settings, and the expansion in English medium instruction (EMI) programmes in non-Anglophone settings. Given the multilingual landscape of such HEIs linguistic issues are clearly of prominence. Therefore, this study focused on (in order of importance): a. The role English performs in these HEIs, including its relationship to other languages. b. Participants’ language beliefs, attitudes and ideology towards and about English. c. Language policies (formal and informal) and the impact of these on linguistic practices. d. Comparisons between UK, European and Asian EMI programmes. Three institutions in the UK, Austria and Thailand were investigated using student questionnaires, interviews with lecturers and students, observations, linguistic landscaping and documentary analysis. The findings demonstrated multilingualism present at all sites but this was recognised to different degrees, with the UK being the most monolingual in its orientation. The role of English was also conceived differently, being seen only as a ‘tool’ for learning content knowledge in Austria but as both a ‘tool’ and ‘target’ of learning in itself in the UK and Thailand. All three sites demonstrated a complex range of beliefs and attitudes towards English with it viewed as a disciplinary language, as a variety of language often in terms of standard or non-standard, and as a means of group communication. A gap was revealed between the standard/native speaker orientation of language policies and the more open and multilingual linguistic practices. This data set consists of interview transcriptions and questionnaire responses from the project. The files are: Thai student 1 Thai lecturer 1 Thai student 2 Thai lecturer 2 Thai student 3 UK lecturer Interview 1 UK student 1 UK student 2 UK lecturer Interview 2 Austrian Lecturer 1 Austrian student 1 Austrian student 2 Austrian student 2 Thai questionnaire data UK questionnaire data Austrian questionnaire dataThis dataset can be requested via http://library.soton.ac.uk/datarequest.
English medium instruction, internationalisation, higher education, multilingualism, language beliefs, English as an academic lingua franca
University of Southampton
Baker, William
9f1b758c-e6e0-43ca-b7bf-a0d5e1387d10
Huettner, Julia
bb0cd345-6c35-48e1-89f7-a820605aaa2c
Baker, William
9f1b758c-e6e0-43ca-b7bf-a0d5e1387d10
Huettner, Julia
bb0cd345-6c35-48e1-89f7-a820605aaa2c

Baker, William and Huettner, Julia (2016) “Without English this is just not possible…”: studies of language policy and practice in international universities from Europe and Asia. University of Southampton doi:10.5258/SOTON/390811 [Dataset]

Record type: Dataset

Abstract

Over the last decade there has been a huge increase in the internationalisation of higher education institutes (HEI) with growing numbers of international students in many countries, especially Anglophone settings, and the expansion in English medium instruction (EMI) programmes in non-Anglophone settings. Given the multilingual landscape of such HEIs linguistic issues are clearly of prominence. Therefore, this study focused on (in order of importance): a. The role English performs in these HEIs, including its relationship to other languages. b. Participants’ language beliefs, attitudes and ideology towards and about English. c. Language policies (formal and informal) and the impact of these on linguistic practices. d. Comparisons between UK, European and Asian EMI programmes. Three institutions in the UK, Austria and Thailand were investigated using student questionnaires, interviews with lecturers and students, observations, linguistic landscaping and documentary analysis. The findings demonstrated multilingualism present at all sites but this was recognised to different degrees, with the UK being the most monolingual in its orientation. The role of English was also conceived differently, being seen only as a ‘tool’ for learning content knowledge in Austria but as both a ‘tool’ and ‘target’ of learning in itself in the UK and Thailand. All three sites demonstrated a complex range of beliefs and attitudes towards English with it viewed as a disciplinary language, as a variety of language often in terms of standard or non-standard, and as a means of group communication. A gap was revealed between the standard/native speaker orientation of language policies and the more open and multilingual linguistic practices. This data set consists of interview transcriptions and questionnaire responses from the project. The files are: Thai student 1 Thai lecturer 1 Thai student 2 Thai lecturer 2 Thai student 3 UK lecturer Interview 1 UK student 1 UK student 2 UK lecturer Interview 2 Austrian Lecturer 1 Austrian student 1 Austrian student 2 Austrian student 2 Thai questionnaire data UK questionnaire data Austrian questionnaire dataThis dataset can be requested via http://library.soton.ac.uk/datarequest.

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More information

Published date: 2016
Keywords: English medium instruction, internationalisation, higher education, multilingualism, language beliefs, English as an academic lingua franca
Organisations: Modern Languages and Linguistics
Projects:
Annual Adventures in Research Fund
Funded by: UNSPECIFIED (508695112)
UNSPECIFIED to UNSPECIFIED

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 390811
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/390811
PURE UUID: 65b0191e-8725-4fbb-b1c5-582ad6255278

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 07 Apr 2016 15:00
Last modified: 09 Jun 2017 12:23

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Contributors

Creator: William Baker
Creator: Julia Huettner

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