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Deficits in free recall persist in Asperger’s Syndrome despite training in the use of list-appropriate learning strategies

Deficits in free recall persist in Asperger’s Syndrome despite training in the use of list-appropriate learning strategies
Deficits in free recall persist in Asperger’s Syndrome despite training in the use of list-appropriate learning strategies
Free recall in adults with Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) was compared with that in matched controls in an experiment including semantically similar, phonologically similar and unrelated word lists. Without supportive instructions, adults with AS were significantly impaired in their recall of phonologically and semantically related lists, but not unrelated lists. Even when trained to make use at study of the relations among the words, the adults with AS recalled fewer words than the control group. Participants rehearsed the study lists out loud and the rehearsal data was analysed. Despite a very slight trend for adults with AS to engage in less elaborative rehearsal and more rote rehearsal, their rehearsal did not differ significantly from that of controls.
asperger’s syndrome, memory, free recall, task support, relational deficit, autism
0162-3257
445-454
Smith, Brenda J.
0ba35a30-8bbf-4821-8fff-0433475d0390
Gardiner, John M.
ac4e9994-0aa4-4c5d-8bf9-551a8115e980
Bowler, Dermot
bb6bcee3-fc58-42bf-b8ef-eee5d80bb9e8
Smith, Brenda J.
0ba35a30-8bbf-4821-8fff-0433475d0390
Gardiner, John M.
ac4e9994-0aa4-4c5d-8bf9-551a8115e980
Bowler, Dermot
bb6bcee3-fc58-42bf-b8ef-eee5d80bb9e8

Smith, Brenda J., Gardiner, John M. and Bowler, Dermot (2007) Deficits in free recall persist in Asperger’s Syndrome despite training in the use of list-appropriate learning strategies. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (3), 445-454. (doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0180-4). (PMID:16874560)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Free recall in adults with Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) was compared with that in matched controls in an experiment including semantically similar, phonologically similar and unrelated word lists. Without supportive instructions, adults with AS were significantly impaired in their recall of phonologically and semantically related lists, but not unrelated lists. Even when trained to make use at study of the relations among the words, the adults with AS recalled fewer words than the control group. Participants rehearsed the study lists out loud and the rehearsal data was analysed. Despite a very slight trend for adults with AS to engage in less elaborative rehearsal and more rote rehearsal, their rehearsal did not differ significantly from that of controls.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 28 July 2006
Published date: March 2007
Keywords: asperger’s syndrome, memory, free recall, task support, relational deficit, autism
Organisations: Psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 391016
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/391016
ISSN: 0162-3257
PURE UUID: 8fccb168-4d48-4df8-ae85-ace69b8eedcc

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Date deposited: 08 Apr 2016 11:15
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 20:38

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