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Phytoaccumulation of arsenic, cadmium and lead by Brassica juncea parents and their F1 hybrids

Phytoaccumulation of arsenic, cadmium and lead by Brassica juncea parents and their F1 hybrids
Phytoaccumulation of arsenic, cadmium and lead by Brassica juncea parents and their F1 hybrids
Although Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) is reported to be a good accumulator of metals, little is known of the selected varieties of B. juncea (cvs. Rai and BARI-11). This paper investigates the phytoaccumulation of arsenic, cadmium and lead by B. juncea (cvs. Rai and BARI-11) parents and F1 hybrids. The experiment was conducted in the hydroponic media in the greenhouse of University of Southampton under a Randomised Block Design. Sodium arsenite, cadmium sulphate and lead nitrate with 0 ppm, 0.5 ppm and 1 ppm were used. The cadmium treated plants were analysed by Varian Atomic absorption spectrophotometer-200. The samples of arsenic and lead were analysed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrophotometer. The results suggest that arsenic was detected only in the root systems while cadmium and lead were detected both in the root and shoot systems. Significant differences in the uptake were observed for different concentrations. Accumulation of arsenic was detected only in the root systems of B. juncea (cvs. Rai and BARI-11) at lower concentrations. Hence, this can be used as an agriculturally viable and efficient phytoaccumulator in the arsenic affected areas where contamination level is low and the contamination occurs at the rooting level.
2152-2197
613-622
Rahman, Moupia
472318d9-f674-4505-868e-03f579b96daf
Haq, Nazmul
d59a37ec-54c6-4267-be57-de498ae37c0b
Williams, Ian
c9d674ac-ee69-4937-ab43-17e716266e22
Rahman, Moupia
472318d9-f674-4505-868e-03f579b96daf
Haq, Nazmul
d59a37ec-54c6-4267-be57-de498ae37c0b
Williams, Ian
c9d674ac-ee69-4937-ab43-17e716266e22

Rahman, Moupia, Haq, Nazmul and Williams, Ian (2016) Phytoaccumulation of arsenic, cadmium and lead by Brassica juncea parents and their F1 hybrids. Journal of Environmental Protection, 7, 613-622. (doi:10.4236/jep.2016.75055).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Although Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) is reported to be a good accumulator of metals, little is known of the selected varieties of B. juncea (cvs. Rai and BARI-11). This paper investigates the phytoaccumulation of arsenic, cadmium and lead by B. juncea (cvs. Rai and BARI-11) parents and F1 hybrids. The experiment was conducted in the hydroponic media in the greenhouse of University of Southampton under a Randomised Block Design. Sodium arsenite, cadmium sulphate and lead nitrate with 0 ppm, 0.5 ppm and 1 ppm were used. The cadmium treated plants were analysed by Varian Atomic absorption spectrophotometer-200. The samples of arsenic and lead were analysed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrophotometer. The results suggest that arsenic was detected only in the root systems while cadmium and lead were detected both in the root and shoot systems. Significant differences in the uptake were observed for different concentrations. Accumulation of arsenic was detected only in the root systems of B. juncea (cvs. Rai and BARI-11) at lower concentrations. Hence, this can be used as an agriculturally viable and efficient phytoaccumulator in the arsenic affected areas where contamination level is low and the contamination occurs at the rooting level.

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Accepted/In Press date: 4 April 2016
Published date: 7 April 2016
Organisations: Centre for Environmental Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 391564
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/391564
ISSN: 2152-2197
PURE UUID: 1cf2a83c-3595-4b1c-8098-d0faa66fa8a8
ORCID for Ian Williams: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0121-1219

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 Apr 2016 09:11
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 01:51

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