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Narcissism and coach behaviours: a self-determination theory perspective

Narcissism and coach behaviours: a self-determination theory perspective
Narcissism and coach behaviours: a self-determination theory perspective
Athletes’ sport experiences are often influenced by the interpersonal styles of communication used by their coaches. Research on personality antecedents of such styles is scarce. We examined the link between a well-researched personality trait, namely narcissism, and two types of coaching interpersonal style, namely autonomy-supportive and controlling styles. We also tested the mediating roles of dominance and empathic concern in explaining the relations between narcissism and the two coaching interpersonal styles. United Kingdom-based coaches (N = 211) from various sports completed a multi-section questionnaire assessing the study variables. Regression analyses revealed a positive direct relation between narcissism and controlling coach behaviors. Furthermore, empathy (but not dominance) mediated the positive and negative indirect effects of narcissism on controlling and autonomy-supported interpersonal styles, respectively. We discuss these findings in terms of their implications for coaching and the quality of athletes’ sport experiences.
controlling, autonomy-supportive, dominance, empathy, sport
1-8
Matosic, D.
36a92e0b-3f6f-4ba1-b864-b474fa08feb4
Ntoumanis, N.
206ea8c4-8257-4341-8826-e631464ed8e0
Boardley, I.D.
38495e35-cbcc-4b4b-881c-b39dbe15dc96
Sedikides, C.
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Stewart, B.D.
55210870-e90f-436c-af1e-c73fffcfaf8f
Chatzisarantis, N.
256861ab-03ae-4e60-bff4-947cd57694a2
Matosic, D.
36a92e0b-3f6f-4ba1-b864-b474fa08feb4
Ntoumanis, N.
206ea8c4-8257-4341-8826-e631464ed8e0
Boardley, I.D.
38495e35-cbcc-4b4b-881c-b39dbe15dc96
Sedikides, C.
9d45e66d-75bb-44de-87d7-21fd553812c2
Stewart, B.D.
55210870-e90f-436c-af1e-c73fffcfaf8f
Chatzisarantis, N.
256861ab-03ae-4e60-bff4-947cd57694a2

Matosic, D., Ntoumanis, N., Boardley, I.D., Sedikides, C., Stewart, B.D. and Chatzisarantis, N. (2015) Narcissism and coach behaviours: a self-determination theory perspective Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, pp. 1-8.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Athletes’ sport experiences are often influenced by the interpersonal styles of communication used by their coaches. Research on personality antecedents of such styles is scarce. We examined the link between a well-researched personality trait, namely narcissism, and two types of coaching interpersonal style, namely autonomy-supportive and controlling styles. We also tested the mediating roles of dominance and empathic concern in explaining the relations between narcissism and the two coaching interpersonal styles. United Kingdom-based coaches (N = 211) from various sports completed a multi-section questionnaire assessing the study variables. Regression analyses revealed a positive direct relation between narcissism and controlling coach behaviors. Furthermore, empathy (but not dominance) mediated the positive and negative indirect effects of narcissism on controlling and autonomy-supported interpersonal styles, respectively. We discuss these findings in terms of their implications for coaching and the quality of athletes’ sport experiences.

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Accepted/In Press date: 11 November 2015
e-pub ahead of print date: 21 December 2015
Keywords: controlling, autonomy-supportive, dominance, empathy, sport

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 392909
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/392909
PURE UUID: 3c774cfe-4d8a-4048-9fbd-0bbc79a728b1

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Date deposited: 19 Apr 2016 09:26
Last modified: 30 Aug 2017 08:49

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Contributors

Author: D. Matosic
Author: N. Ntoumanis
Author: I.D. Boardley
Author: C. Sedikides
Author: B.D. Stewart
Author: N. Chatzisarantis

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