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Mapping global environmental suitability for Zika virus

Mapping global environmental suitability for Zika virus
Mapping global environmental suitability for Zika virus
Zika virus was discovered in Uganda in 1947 and is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, which also act as vectors for dengue and chikungunya viruses throughout much of the tropical world. In 2007, an outbreak in the Federated States of Micronesia sparked public health concern. In 2013, the virus began to spread across other parts of Oceania and in 2015, a large outbreak in Latin America began in Brazil. Possible associations with microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome observed in this outbreak have raised concerns about continued global spread of Zika virus, prompting its declaration as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization. We conducted species distribution modelling to map environmental suitability for Zika. We show a large portion of tropical and sub-tropical regions globally have suitable environmental conditions with over 2.17 billion people inhabiting these areas.
2050-084X
1-22
Messina, Jane P.
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Kraemer, Moritz U.G.
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Brady, Oliver J.
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Pigott, David M.
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Shearer, Freya M.
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Weiss, Daniel J.
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Golding, Nick
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Ruktanonchai, Corrine W.
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Gething, Peter W.
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Cohn, Emily
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Brownstein, John S.
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Khan, Kamran
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Tatem, Andrew J.
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Jaenisch, Thomas
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Murray, Christopher J.L.
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Marinho, Fatima
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Scott, Thomas W.
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Hay, Simon I.
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Messina, Jane P.
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Kraemer, Moritz U.G.
e0398663-2b15-4e58-ae27-96fd535aaa86
Brady, Oliver J.
2acbd374-26d3-4e56-9e19-558eef1d4f9b
Pigott, David M.
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Shearer, Freya M.
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Weiss, Daniel J.
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Golding, Nick
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Ruktanonchai, Corrine W.
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Gething, Peter W.
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Cohn, Emily
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Brownstein, John S.
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Khan, Kamran
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Tatem, Andrew J.
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Jaenisch, Thomas
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Murray, Christopher J.L.
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Marinho, Fatima
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Scott, Thomas W.
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Hay, Simon I.
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Messina, Jane P., Kraemer, Moritz U.G., Brady, Oliver J., Pigott, David M., Shearer, Freya M., Weiss, Daniel J., Golding, Nick, Ruktanonchai, Corrine W., Gething, Peter W., Cohn, Emily, Brownstein, John S., Khan, Kamran, Tatem, Andrew J., Jaenisch, Thomas, Murray, Christopher J.L., Marinho, Fatima, Scott, Thomas W. and Hay, Simon I. (2016) Mapping global environmental suitability for Zika virus. eLife, 5, 1-22. (doi:10.7554/eLife.15272). (PMID:27090089)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Zika virus was discovered in Uganda in 1947 and is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, which also act as vectors for dengue and chikungunya viruses throughout much of the tropical world. In 2007, an outbreak in the Federated States of Micronesia sparked public health concern. In 2013, the virus began to spread across other parts of Oceania and in 2015, a large outbreak in Latin America began in Brazil. Possible associations with microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome observed in this outbreak have raised concerns about continued global spread of Zika virus, prompting its declaration as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization. We conducted species distribution modelling to map environmental suitability for Zika. We show a large portion of tropical and sub-tropical regions globally have suitable environmental conditions with over 2.17 billion people inhabiting these areas.

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Accepted/In Press date: 10 April 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 19 April 2016
Published date: 19 April 2016
Organisations: Global Env Change & Earth Observation, WorldPop, Population, Health & Wellbeing (PHeW)

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 393105
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/393105
ISSN: 2050-084X
PURE UUID: babb48fa-8c36-4c8e-8fc7-6539a145eca4
ORCID for Andrew J. Tatem: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7270-941X

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Date deposited: 21 Apr 2016 08:34
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 01:38

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Contributors

Author: Jane P. Messina
Author: Moritz U.G. Kraemer
Author: Oliver J. Brady
Author: David M. Pigott
Author: Freya M. Shearer
Author: Daniel J. Weiss
Author: Nick Golding
Author: Corrine W. Ruktanonchai
Author: Peter W. Gething
Author: Emily Cohn
Author: John S. Brownstein
Author: Kamran Khan
Author: Andrew J. Tatem ORCID iD
Author: Thomas Jaenisch
Author: Christopher J.L. Murray
Author: Fatima Marinho
Author: Thomas W. Scott
Author: Simon I. Hay

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