The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Late Neanderthal occupation in North-West Europe: rediscovery, investigation and dating of a last glacial sediment sequence at the site of La Cotte de Saint Brelade, Jersey

Late Neanderthal occupation in North-West Europe: rediscovery, investigation and dating of a last glacial sediment sequence at the site of La Cotte de Saint Brelade, Jersey
Late Neanderthal occupation in North-West Europe: rediscovery, investigation and dating of a last glacial sediment sequence at the site of La Cotte de Saint Brelade, Jersey
In 2011, a programme of field research was undertaken to effect the stabilization of an unstable section in the West Ravine at the key Neanderthal occupation site of La Cotte de St Brelade on the Channel Island of Jersey. As part of this essential remedial work the threatened section was analysed to characterize its archaeological and palaeoenvironmental potential as well provide optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dates. The work determined, through two concordant OSL dating programmes, that the section formed part of an extensive sequence of sedimentation spanning >105 to <48 ka. Furthermore, reanalysis of the archive determined that the sediment sequence examined contained the stratigraphic equivalent of deposits lying below those that have previously produced Neanderthal fossils. Through our work, we can now constrain these younger sediments to being younger than 48 ka. The combined results suggest that this sequence now represents the recovery of an extensive dataset, thought lost to science through complete excavation, which holds the potential to throw light on the disappearance of Neanderthal populations from the Atlantic-edge outpost on the north-west frontier of their world.
0267-8179
647-652
Bates, Martin
9243ce9e-5a7c-4f8c-a8e3-1bfd25e259f4
Pope, Matthew
1d69089b-4035-4ee3-870a-18e18b0eb35c
Shaw, Andrew
ca9c2521-7de8-4faf-a1ac-14107eebc1cd
Scott, Beccy
30071edf-38cb-40b8-bc35-8eb2ed337b66
Schwenninger, Jean-Luc
e5bd3170-c1e9-4be5-99ce-1342a3bda7dc
Bates, Martin
9243ce9e-5a7c-4f8c-a8e3-1bfd25e259f4
Pope, Matthew
1d69089b-4035-4ee3-870a-18e18b0eb35c
Shaw, Andrew
ca9c2521-7de8-4faf-a1ac-14107eebc1cd
Scott, Beccy
30071edf-38cb-40b8-bc35-8eb2ed337b66
Schwenninger, Jean-Luc
e5bd3170-c1e9-4be5-99ce-1342a3bda7dc

Bates, Martin, Pope, Matthew, Shaw, Andrew, Scott, Beccy and Schwenninger, Jean-Luc (2013) Late Neanderthal occupation in North-West Europe: rediscovery, investigation and dating of a last glacial sediment sequence at the site of La Cotte de Saint Brelade, Jersey. Journal of Quaternary Science, 28 (7), 647-652. (doi:10.1002/jqs.2669).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In 2011, a programme of field research was undertaken to effect the stabilization of an unstable section in the West Ravine at the key Neanderthal occupation site of La Cotte de St Brelade on the Channel Island of Jersey. As part of this essential remedial work the threatened section was analysed to characterize its archaeological and palaeoenvironmental potential as well provide optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dates. The work determined, through two concordant OSL dating programmes, that the section formed part of an extensive sequence of sedimentation spanning >105 to <48 ka. Furthermore, reanalysis of the archive determined that the sediment sequence examined contained the stratigraphic equivalent of deposits lying below those that have previously produced Neanderthal fossils. Through our work, we can now constrain these younger sediments to being younger than 48 ka. The combined results suggest that this sequence now represents the recovery of an extensive dataset, thought lost to science through complete excavation, which holds the potential to throw light on the disappearance of Neanderthal populations from the Atlantic-edge outpost on the north-west frontier of their world.

Text
BATES_et_al-2013-Journal_of_Quaternary_Science.pdf - Version of Record
Available under License Other.
Download (1MB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 29 September 2013
Published date: October 2013
Organisations: Archaeology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 393769
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/393769
ISSN: 0267-8179
PURE UUID: 1be166d5-a40e-4965-b5c5-7d5698067134

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 May 2016 11:08
Last modified: 18 Jul 2019 13:31

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×