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# Review: Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: principles and applications, Emmanuel Desurvire, Wiley, New York, 1994. 770pp. $89.95 hc ISBN 0-471-58977-2 Zervas, Michael (1995) Review: Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: principles and applications, Emmanuel Desurvire, Wiley, New York, 1994. 770pp.$89.95 hc ISBN 0-471-58977-2. Physics Today, 48 (2), 56.

Record type: Article

## Abstract

It is now widely recognized that erbium-doped fiber amplifiers have revolutionized optical fiber communications. EDFAs not only made single-channel, multigigabit-rate, long-distance optical communications possible, but they also opened up a wide variety of additional possibilities Such as soliton generation and transmission and multichannel wavelength-division multiplexing communications. While at AT&T Bell Labs (he is now at Alcatel-Alsthom Recherche in a suburb of Paris, France) Emmanuel Desurvire became heavily involved in and contributed enormously to the theoretical and experimental investigation of EDFA characteristics and system applications. His pioneering work has been internationally recognized. In my view, Desurvire is one of those best qualified to cover the subject of EDFAs, in Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications, he has accepted the challenge.
According to the author, the purpose of the book is "to provide the basic materials of a comprehensive introduction to the principles and applications of EDFAs." The book is divided into three major parts, which to some extent can be considered independently. Nonetheless, it keeps its cohesion throughout. It provides a thorough understanding of the fundamentals in optical amplification while considering the practical issues related to the device and system performance of EDFAs.
The first part of the book explores all the fundamental issues related to EDFAs. It introduces the main concepts necessary for the modelling of the erbium atomic transition. The analysis is detailed and covers such parameters as field distributions and overlap integrals under different operating conditions. This section and the numerous relevant appendices contain a number of useful generalizations of existing models that are published for the first time.
The author also considers the fundamental quantum properties of noise generation and accumulation in single- and multiple-stage amplification of classical light. The analysis discusses in great depth the nature, origin and inevitability of noise associated with optical amplification - it also provides useful engineering formulas for the measurement of the noise introduced by amplification. I found the treatment of noise and photon statistics particularly detailed and original. Researchers working on this subject can benefit enormously from the analysis.
The second part is primarily experimental and focuses on EDFA device characteristics. However, when specific characteristics of the erbium transition are discussed, the necessary theoretical modifications and additions, supplementary to the general formulations given in the first part, are provided. I found that on the important issue of pulse amplification requirements, the book considers briefly only the special (but very exciting) case of solitons and misses the many problems associated with general pulse amplification.
The third and final section of the book, on applications, is primarily concerned with some of the up-to-date linear and nonlinear communication systems and local area networks and the enormous impact that EDFAs have had on their successful implementation. The significance of the EDFAs in optically preamplified receivers is stressed. The most significant digital (linear) and soliton (nonlinear) system experiments performed to date are also reviewed. Initations imposed on linear systems by fiber nonlinearities and dispersion are briefly mentioned. The ground that Desurvire sought to cover in the third part is quite diverse and could well have been the subject of several separate volumes. Therefore, its inclusion in this book is inevitably of a review type. However, the book clearly points out how and to what degree these applications are benefited or enhanced by EDFAs.
Overall the book gives one of the most comprehensive and detailed accounts of the physics and fundamental principles of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers published so far. I have not the slightest doubt that the book will be of great help to all scientists and engineers working in the field who are struggling to understand EDFAs. The unified and in-depth presentation of the subject will benefit in particular researchers and graduate students who are dealing with problems involving optical amplification. The book imparts the fundamental concepts quite skilfully and can be used as collateral reading The sections dealing with modelling and the entire second part could well be used in undergraduate courses. I do not hesitate to recommend the book enthusiastically to anybody having an interest in EDFAs and their applications.

Full text not available from this repository.

Published date: February 1995
Organisations: Optoelectronics Research Centre

## Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 394166
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/394166
ISSN: 0031-9228
PURE UUID: 599b7f65-cc56-4a46-96c1-39d9d40d5356
ORCID for Michael Zervas: orcid.org/0000-0002-0651-4059

## Catalogue record

Date deposited: 12 May 2016 10:29

## Contributors

Author: Michael Zervas

## University divisions

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