The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

On the relationship between set-out rates and participation ratios as a tool for enhancement of kerbside household waste recycling

Shaw, P.J., Lyas, J.K., Maynard, S. and van Vugt, M. (2007) On the relationship between set-out rates and participation ratios as a tool for enhancement of kerbside household waste recycling Journal of Environmental Management, 83, (1), pp. 34-43. (doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2006.01.012).

Record type: Article


Although the use of kerbside recycling facilities by householders is often key to the reduction of materials disposed of to landfill, the quantitative assessment of householders’ recycling behaviour is problematic. This study introduces a method to diagnose recycling behaviour by assessing kerbside scheme use in terms of the set-out of recyclate containers compared to the proportion of households participating in recycling (participation ratio). Application of numerical behaviour models demonstrated that kerbside recycling in sampled regions of the UK tends to be consistent with householders using kerbside schemes more frequently than would be observed with random patterns of use that are uniform amongst all householders. When aggregated to collection rounds, householders’ modal recycling behaviour tended towards either non-participation or frequent participation. We propose that initiatives to enhance kerbside recycling should employ such quantitative assessments of recycling behavioural modes to inform and guide promotional and educational strategies. A conceptual model for prioritizing campaigns to promote recycling at the kerbside on the basis of identifiable and quantifiable patterns of householder recycling behaviour is presented.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Published date: April 2007
Keywords: participation, performance, recycling, set-out


Local EPrints ID: 39462
ISSN: 0301-4797
PURE UUID: baaf737d-b577-46d4-ad55-c5920c2537a3

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 28 Jun 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:36

Export record



Author: P.J. Shaw
Author: J.K. Lyas
Author: S. Maynard
Author: M. van Vugt

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.