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Ethnic differentials in health: the additional effect of ethnic density

Ethnic differentials in health: the additional effect of ethnic density
Ethnic differentials in health: the additional effect of ethnic density
It is well established that there are differentials in health among individuals of different Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) heritage. BME communities are unevenly concentrated across England and Wales. This paper examines the effect of residential density of one’s own ethnic group on physical health outcomes in England and Wales. In addition, it explores whether the effects of ethnic density on physical health outcomes are concealed by area deprivation, and whether individual economic deprivation and area deprivation play a role in this relationship. Data on BME and White British individuals from the first wave of the UK Household Longitudinal Study (Understanding Society) are linked with ethnic density characteristics from the 2011 UK Census and with the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the 2010 English and Welsh Governments. Multilevel logistic regression is then employed in the analysis. The results show that individuals from BME groups who live in areas with a high density of their own ethnic group are more likely to report poor health, but these effects are mediated by both individual economic deprivation and area deprivation. The results highlight that facilitating the improvement of economic and social conditions for individuals in deprived areas could help to reduce the negative differentials in health outcomes experienced by individuals from BME communities.
1544-8444
1-16
Feng, Zhixin
33c0073f-a67c-4d8a-9fea-5a502420e589
Vlachantoni, Athina
06a52fbb-f2a0-4c81-9fbc-d6efc736c6cb
Falkingham, Jane
8df36615-1547-4a6d-ad55-aa9496e85519
Evandrou, Maria
cd2210ea-9625-44d7-b0f4-fc0721a25d28
Feng, Zhixin
33c0073f-a67c-4d8a-9fea-5a502420e589
Vlachantoni, Athina
06a52fbb-f2a0-4c81-9fbc-d6efc736c6cb
Falkingham, Jane
8df36615-1547-4a6d-ad55-aa9496e85519
Evandrou, Maria
cd2210ea-9625-44d7-b0f4-fc0721a25d28

Feng, Zhixin, Vlachantoni, Athina, Falkingham, Jane and Evandrou, Maria (2016) Ethnic differentials in health: the additional effect of ethnic density Population Space and Place, 23, (4), pp. 1-16. (doi:10.1002/psp.2030).

Record type: Article

Abstract

It is well established that there are differentials in health among individuals of different Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) heritage. BME communities are unevenly concentrated across England and Wales. This paper examines the effect of residential density of one’s own ethnic group on physical health outcomes in England and Wales. In addition, it explores whether the effects of ethnic density on physical health outcomes are concealed by area deprivation, and whether individual economic deprivation and area deprivation play a role in this relationship. Data on BME and White British individuals from the first wave of the UK Household Longitudinal Study (Understanding Society) are linked with ethnic density characteristics from the 2011 UK Census and with the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) from the 2010 English and Welsh Governments. Multilevel logistic regression is then employed in the analysis. The results show that individuals from BME groups who live in areas with a high density of their own ethnic group are more likely to report poor health, but these effects are mediated by both individual economic deprivation and area deprivation. The results highlight that facilitating the improvement of economic and social conditions for individuals in deprived areas could help to reduce the negative differentials in health outcomes experienced by individuals from BME communities.

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Accepted/In Press date: 23 March 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 12 May 2016
Organisations: Gerontology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 394665
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/394665
ISSN: 1544-8444
PURE UUID: 5090f0a9-0610-4120-9267-0055f24df9eb

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Date deposited: 23 May 2016 10:12
Last modified: 19 Aug 2017 16:31

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