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Children with developmental dyslexia showed greater sleep disturbances than controls including problems initiating and maintaining sleep

Children with developmental dyslexia showed greater sleep disturbances than controls including problems initiating and maintaining sleep
Children with developmental dyslexia showed greater sleep disturbances than controls including problems initiating and maintaining sleep
Aim: Although there have been frequent clinical reports about sleep disturbances in children with learning disabilities, no data are available about the prevalence of sleep disturbances in children with developmental dyslexia (DD). This study evaluated sleep disturbances in children with DD referred to a hospital clinic and compared their scores with healthy controls.

Methods: We consecutively enrolled 147 children (66% male) aged 10.26 ± 2.63 years referred by clinical paediatricians to the Clinic for Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry at the Second University of Naples with DD and 766 children without DD (60% male) aged 10.49 ± 2.39 years recruited from schools in the same urban area. Sleep disturbances were assessed with the Sleep Disturbances Scale for Children (SDSC), which was filled out by the childrens’ main carers.

Results: Compared to the controls, the children with DD showed significantly higher rates of above threshold scores on the total SDSC score (p<0.001) and on the subscales for disorders in initiating and maintaining sleep (p<0.001), sleep breathing disorders (p<0.001) and disorders of arousal (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Sleep disorders were significantly more frequent in children with DD than in healthy controls. A possible relationship between dyslexia and sleep disorders may have relevant clinical implications.
0803-5253
1-13
Carotenuto, M.
011176d0-e212-4b67-a053-fcbf25584078
Esposito, M.
0b8e33b4-9e00-4481-8ec9-0cded382dd68
Cortese, S.
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Laino, D.
0ebe5724-4124-4fd0-bd8d-f599a483c180
Verrotti, A.
7dc701c3-6adb-470b-bc02-dcae681bacbc
Carotenuto, M.
011176d0-e212-4b67-a053-fcbf25584078
Esposito, M.
0b8e33b4-9e00-4481-8ec9-0cded382dd68
Cortese, S.
53d4bf2c-4e0e-4c77-9385-218350560fdb
Laino, D.
0ebe5724-4124-4fd0-bd8d-f599a483c180
Verrotti, A.
7dc701c3-6adb-470b-bc02-dcae681bacbc

Carotenuto, M., Esposito, M., Cortese, S., Laino, D. and Verrotti, A. (2016) Children with developmental dyslexia showed greater sleep disturbances than controls including problems initiating and maintaining sleep. Acta Paediatrica, 1-13. (doi:10.1111/apa.13472). (PMID:27173764)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Aim: Although there have been frequent clinical reports about sleep disturbances in children with learning disabilities, no data are available about the prevalence of sleep disturbances in children with developmental dyslexia (DD). This study evaluated sleep disturbances in children with DD referred to a hospital clinic and compared their scores with healthy controls.

Methods: We consecutively enrolled 147 children (66% male) aged 10.26 ± 2.63 years referred by clinical paediatricians to the Clinic for Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry at the Second University of Naples with DD and 766 children without DD (60% male) aged 10.49 ± 2.39 years recruited from schools in the same urban area. Sleep disturbances were assessed with the Sleep Disturbances Scale for Children (SDSC), which was filled out by the childrens’ main carers.

Results: Compared to the controls, the children with DD showed significantly higher rates of above threshold scores on the total SDSC score (p<0.001) and on the subscales for disorders in initiating and maintaining sleep (p<0.001), sleep breathing disorders (p<0.001) and disorders of arousal (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Sleep disorders were significantly more frequent in children with DD than in healthy controls. A possible relationship between dyslexia and sleep disorders may have relevant clinical implications.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 10 May 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 13 May 2016
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 394817
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/394817
ISSN: 0803-5253
PURE UUID: 98e39e48-dacc-4b50-a190-6deaadf0dccf
ORCID for S. Cortese: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5877-8075

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 May 2016 11:20
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 12:21

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