Müller, G. and Kauppert, K.
Old water mills: Britains new source of energy?
Proceedings of the ICE - Civil Engineering, 150, (4), . (doi:10.1680/cien.188.8.131.52629).
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Britain's 20 000 disused watermills could be brought back to life as micro-hydrostations generating up to 1000 MW of electricity thanks to a renewed interest in waterwheels, particularly in Germany Though slightly less efficient than modern low-head turbines, both overshot and undershot waterwheels are much cheaper to build, install and maintain and can operate in a wider range of flow conditions and with a head as little as 0.5 m. Archimedian screws working in reverse have also proved very efficient and durable low-head generators, This paper reviews the latest developments in Germany and the potential for application in the UK.
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