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Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions

Matter, Juerg M., Stute, Martin, Snæbjörnsdottir, Sandra Ó, Oelkers, Eric H., Gislason, Sigurdur R., Aradottir, Edda S., Sigfusson, Bergur, Gunnarsson, Ingvi, Sigurdardottir, Holmfridur, Gunnlaugsson, Einar, Axelsson, Gudni, Alfredsson, Helgi A., Wolff-Boenisch, Domenik, Mesfin, Kiflom, Fernandez de la Reguera Taya, Diana, Hall, Jennifer, Dideriksen, Knud and Broecker, Wallace S. (2016) Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions Science, 352, (6291), p. 1314. (doi:10.1126/science.aad8132).

Record type: Article


Carbon capture and storage (CCS) provides a solution toward decarbonization of the global economy. The success of this solution depends on the ability to safely and permanently store CO2. This study demonstrates for the first time the permanent disposal of CO2 as environmentally benign carbonate minerals in basaltic rocks. We find that over 95% of the CO2 injected into the CarbFix site in Iceland was mineralized to carbonate minerals in less than 2 years. This result contrasts with the common view that the immobilization of CO2 as carbonate minerals within geologic reservoirs takes several hundreds to thousands of years. Our results, therefore, demonstrate that the safe long-term storage of anthropogenic CO2 emissions through mineralization can be far faster than previously postulated.

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Accepted/In Press date: 3 May 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 June 2016
Published date: 10 June 2016
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science


Local EPrints ID: 394891
ISSN: 0036-8075
PURE UUID: 44f00b8e-1e1e-4593-bb1a-7a6fa37677f1

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Date deposited: 23 May 2016 14:29
Last modified: 31 Aug 2017 16:33

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Author: Juerg M. Matter
Author: Martin Stute
Author: Sandra Ó Snæbjörnsdottir
Author: Eric H. Oelkers
Author: Sigurdur R. Gislason
Author: Edda S. Aradottir
Author: Bergur Sigfusson
Author: Ingvi Gunnarsson
Author: Holmfridur Sigurdardottir
Author: Einar Gunnlaugsson
Author: Gudni Axelsson
Author: Helgi A. Alfredsson
Author: Domenik Wolff-Boenisch
Author: Kiflom Mesfin
Author: Diana Fernandez de la Reguera Taya
Author: Jennifer Hall
Author: Knud Dideriksen
Author: Wallace S. Broecker

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