Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions


Matter, Juerg M., Stute, Martin, Snæbjörnsdottir, Sandra Ó, Oelkers, Eric H., Gislason, Sigurdur R., Aradottir, Edda S., Sigfusson, Bergur, Gunnarsson, Ingvi, Sigurdardottir, Holmfridur, Gunnlaugsson, Einar, Axelsson, Gudni, Alfredsson, Helgi A., Wolff-Boenisch, Domenik, Mesfin, Kiflom, Fernandez de la Reguera Taya, Diana, Hall, Jennifer, Dideriksen, Knud and Broecker, Wallace S. (2016) Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions Science, 352, (6291), p. 1314. (doi:10.1126/science.aad8132).

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Description/Abstract

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) provides a solution toward decarbonization of the global economy. The success of this solution depends on the ability to safely and permanently store CO2. This study demonstrates for the first time the permanent disposal of CO2 as environmentally benign carbonate minerals in basaltic rocks. We find that over 95% of the CO2 injected into the CarbFix site in Iceland was mineralized to carbonate minerals in less than 2 years. This result contrasts with the common view that the immobilization of CO2 as carbonate minerals within geologic reservoirs takes several hundreds to thousands of years. Our results, therefore, demonstrate that the safe long-term storage of anthropogenic CO2 emissions through mineralization can be far faster than previously postulated.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1126/science.aad8132
ISSNs: 0036-8075 (print)
Organisations: Ocean and Earth Science
ePrint ID: 394891
Date :
Date Event
3 May 2016Accepted/In Press
10 June 2016Published
Date Deposited: 23 May 2016 14:29
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 03:01
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/394891

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