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The behavior and design of commercial multi-storey buildings subjected to blast

The behavior and design of commercial multi-storey buildings subjected to blast
The behavior and design of commercial multi-storey buildings subjected to blast
The behavior of non military buildings subjected to blast is considered. Case studies from World War II are described, as well as more recent events from the detonation of large vehicle borne devices in the Middle East, North America and Europe. Conventional methods for non-seismic design are shown to lead to frames with over-strong beams connected to together by relatively weak connections. This may explain much of the evidence from bomb damaged buildings in which building connections have been observed to fracture in a brittle manner when subjected to blast. The risk of progressive collapse may be minimized by strengthening beam to column connections located at close proximity to potential vehicle borne devices and a capacity design method for such strengthening is advocated.
Blast effects, Building codes, secuity, Steel structures, Structural analysis
0887-3828
324-329
Byfield, Mike P.
35515781-c39d-4fe0-86c8-608c87287964
Byfield, Mike P.
35515781-c39d-4fe0-86c8-608c87287964

Byfield, Mike P. (2006) The behavior and design of commercial multi-storey buildings subjected to blast. Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 20 (4), 324-329. (doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0887-3828(2006)20:4(324)).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The behavior of non military buildings subjected to blast is considered. Case studies from World War II are described, as well as more recent events from the detonation of large vehicle borne devices in the Middle East, North America and Europe. Conventional methods for non-seismic design are shown to lead to frames with over-strong beams connected to together by relatively weak connections. This may explain much of the evidence from bomb damaged buildings in which building connections have been observed to fracture in a brittle manner when subjected to blast. The risk of progressive collapse may be minimized by strengthening beam to column connections located at close proximity to potential vehicle borne devices and a capacity design method for such strengthening is advocated.

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More information

Published date: November 2006
Keywords: Blast effects, Building codes, secuity, Steel structures, Structural analysis
Organisations: Civil Engineering & the Environment

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 39502
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/39502
ISSN: 0887-3828
PURE UUID: 2da725ec-937f-4bc5-adc2-d7f1b8e772d4
ORCID for Mike P. Byfield: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9724-9472

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 29 Jun 2006
Last modified: 03 Dec 2019 01:50

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