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Looking, seeing and believing in autism: eye movements reveal how subtle cognitive processing differences impact in the social domain

Looking, seeing and believing in autism: eye movements reveal how subtle cognitive processing differences impact in the social domain
Looking, seeing and believing in autism: eye movements reveal how subtle cognitive processing differences impact in the social domain
Adults with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) viewed scenes with people in them, while having their eye movements recorded. The task was to indicate, using a button press, whether the pictures were normal, or in some way weird or odd. Oddities in the pictures were categorized as violations of either perceptual or social norms. Compared to a Typically Developed (TD) control group, the ASD participants were equally able to categorize the scenes as odd or normal, but they took longer to respond. The eye movement patterns showed that the ASD group made more fixations and revisits to the target areas in the odd scenes compared with the TD group. Additionally, when the ASD group first fixated the target areas in the scenes, they failed to initially detect the social oddities. These two findings have clear implications for processing difficulties in ASD for the social domain, where it is important to detect social cues on-line, and where there is little opportunity to go back and recheck possible cues in fast dynamic interactions.
1939-3792
1-116
Benson, Valerie
4827cede-6668-4e3d-bded-ade4cd5e5db5
Castelhano, Monica S.
7304dc36-8afb-4334-adbb-4acfd5936051
Howard, Philippa L.
55560828-d0cb-45bb-8ea6-18f057a8a4cb
Latif, Nida
788f2728-7c8d-495b-a567-875c02b468f4
Rayner, Keith
15f4ff90-d631-457b-a055-3944b702ea27
Benson, Valerie
4827cede-6668-4e3d-bded-ade4cd5e5db5
Castelhano, Monica S.
7304dc36-8afb-4334-adbb-4acfd5936051
Howard, Philippa L.
55560828-d0cb-45bb-8ea6-18f057a8a4cb
Latif, Nida
788f2728-7c8d-495b-a567-875c02b468f4
Rayner, Keith
15f4ff90-d631-457b-a055-3944b702ea27

Benson, Valerie, Castelhano, Monica S., Howard, Philippa L., Latif, Nida and Rayner, Keith (2015) Looking, seeing and believing in autism: eye movements reveal how subtle cognitive processing differences impact in the social domain. Autism Research, 1-116. (doi:10.1002/aur.1580).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Adults with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) viewed scenes with people in them, while having their eye movements recorded. The task was to indicate, using a button press, whether the pictures were normal, or in some way weird or odd. Oddities in the pictures were categorized as violations of either perceptual or social norms. Compared to a Typically Developed (TD) control group, the ASD participants were equally able to categorize the scenes as odd or normal, but they took longer to respond. The eye movement patterns showed that the ASD group made more fixations and revisits to the target areas in the odd scenes compared with the TD group. Additionally, when the ASD group first fixated the target areas in the scenes, they failed to initially detect the social oddities. These two findings have clear implications for processing difficulties in ASD for the social domain, where it is important to detect social cues on-line, and where there is little opportunity to go back and recheck possible cues in fast dynamic interactions.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 28 November 2015

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 396446
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/396446
ISSN: 1939-3792
PURE UUID: 1df2025e-3a06-40d5-9c42-625fc9671378

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Date deposited: 09 Jun 2016 13:04
Last modified: 28 Nov 2017 05:01

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Contributors

Author: Valerie Benson
Author: Monica S. Castelhano
Author: Philippa L. Howard
Author: Nida Latif
Author: Keith Rayner

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