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Electrodynamics and energy characteristics of aurora at high resolution by optical methods

Dahlgren, Hanna, Lanchester, Betty, Ivchenko, Nickolay and Whiter, Daniel (2016) Electrodynamics and energy characteristics of aurora at high resolution by optical methods Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, (6), pp. 5966-5974. (doi:10.1002/2016JA022446).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Technological advances leading to improved sensitivity of optical detectors have revealed that aurora contains a richness of dynamic and thin filamentary structures, but the source of the structured emissions is not fully understood. In addition, high resolution radar data have indicated that thin auroral arcs can be correlated with highly varying and large electric fields, but the detailed picture of the electrodynamics of auroral filaments is yet incomplete. The ASK instrument is a state-of-the-art ground-based instrument designed to investigate these smallest auroral features at very high spatial and temporal resolution, by using three EMCCDs in parallel for three different narrow spectral regions. ASK is specifically designed to utilize a new optical techique to determine the ionospheric electric fields. By imaging the long-lived O$^+$ line at 732~nm, the plasma flow in the region can be traced, and since the plasma motion is controlled by the electric field, the field strength and direction can be estimated at unprecedented resolution. The method is a powerful tool to investigate the detailed electrodynamics and current systems around the thin auroral filaments. The two other ASK cameras provide information on the precipitation by imaging prompt emissions, and the emission brightness ratio of the two emissions, together with ion chemistry modeling, is used to give information on the energy and energy flux of the precipitating electrons. In this paper, we discuss these measuring techniques, and give a few examples of how they are used to reveal the nature and source of fine scale structuring in the aurora

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 16 May 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 20 May 2016
Published date: 17 June 2016
Organisations: Physics & Astronomy

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 396741
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/396741
ISSN: 0148-0227
PURE UUID: ff257604-ac81-4fce-8c09-5d657f3bcd11
ORCID for Daniel Whiter: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7130-232X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 13 Jun 2016 13:32
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 18:46

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Contributors

Author: Hanna Dahlgren
Author: Betty Lanchester
Author: Nickolay Ivchenko
Author: Daniel Whiter ORCID iD

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