The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Attentional biases to emotional faces in adolescents with conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, and comorbid conduct and anxiety disorders

Record type: Article

Biases in emotion processing have been identified in both conduct disorder (CD) and anxiety disorders (ADs). Given the significant comorbidity between these conditions, it is important to examine whether individuals with comorbid CD+ADs display a combination of the biases observed in the non-comorbid versions of these disorders or their own distinctive pattern. We measured attentional biases and vigilance towards, and disengagement from, angry, fearful and happy faces in adolescents with CD-only (n=31), ADs-only (n=23), comorbid CD+ADs (n=20) and controls (n=30), using standard (500 ms) and masked, brief (17 ms) presentation versions of a visual-probe task. Adolescents with ADs displayed faster reaction times to happy, compared to fearful or angry, faces (irrespective of probe position). In addition to having longer reaction times in general, the CD-only and ADs-only groups showed decreased vigilance towards, and increased disengagement from, emotional faces compared to the comorbid CD+ADs and control groups. These results suggest that CD and ADs interact in terms of their effects on vigilance and disengagement, such that attentional biases are attenuated, rather than exacerbated, in individuals with comorbid CD+ADs

Other Attention biases R1_Final.docx - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 10 September 2017.
Download (399kB)


Short, Roxanna, Adams, Wendy, Garner, Matthew, Sonuga-Barke, Edmund and Fairchild, Graeme (2016) Attentional biases to emotional faces in adolescents with conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, and comorbid conduct and anxiety disorders Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, pp. 1-28.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 11 June 2016
Keywords: attention bias, threat, emotion processing, visual probe task, conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, comorbidity
Organisations: Psychology


Local EPrints ID: 396926
ISSN: 2043-8087
PURE UUID: cda7845b-82d1-43e4-8ba8-7dfbedf763a1
ORCID for Wendy Adams: ORCID iD
ORCID for Graeme Fairchild: ORCID iD

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 16 Jun 2016 09:14
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 18:45

Export record


Author: Roxanna Short
Author: Wendy Adams ORCID iD
Author: Matthew Garner
Author: Edmund Sonuga-Barke
Author: Graeme Fairchild ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.