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Dietary pattern trajectories from 6 to 12 months of age in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort

Dietary pattern trajectories from 6 to 12 months of age in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort
Dietary pattern trajectories from 6 to 12 months of age in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort
Little is known about the dietary patterns of Asian infants in the first year of life, nor of their associations with maternal socio-demographic factors. Based on the Growing Up in Singapore towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort, cross-sectional dietary patterns were derived by factor analysis using 24-h recalls and food diaries of infants at 6-, 9- and 12-months of age. Dietary pattern trajectories were modeled by mapping similar dietary patterns across each age using multilevel mixed models. Associations with maternal socio-demographic variables, collected through questionnaires during pregnancy, were assessed using general linear models. In n = 486 infants, four dietary pattern trajectories were established from 6- to 12-months. Predominantly breastmilk: mainly breastmilk and less formula milk, Guidelines: rice porridge, vegetables, fruits and low-fat fish and meat, Easy-to-prepare foods: infant cereals, juices, cakes and biscuits and Noodles (in soup) and seafood: noodle and common accompaniments. In adjusted models, higher maternal education attainment was correlated with higher start scores on Predominantly breastmilk, but lowest education attainment increased its adherence over time. Older mothers had higher start scores on Easy-to-prepare foods, but younger mothers had increased adherence over time. Chinese mothers had higher start scores on Predominantly breastmilk but greater adherence to Guidelines over time, while Indian mothers had higher start scores on Easy-to-prepare foods but greater adherence to Predominantly breastmilk with time (p < 0.05 for all). Changes in trajectories over time were small. Hence, dietary patterns established during weaning are strongly influenced by maternal socio-demographic factors and remain stable over the first year of life
365
Lim, G.H.
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Toh, J.Y.
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Aris, I.M.
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Chiah, A.R.
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Han, W.M.
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Saw, S.M.
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Godfrey, K.M.
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Gluckman, Peter
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Chong, Y-S.
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Yap, F.
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Lee, Y.S.
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Kramer, M.S.
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Chong, M.F.F.
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Lim, G.H.
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Toh, J.Y.
df9eaa30-9ea7-47e0-852f-da55e194ba39
Aris, I.M.
ee15a46e-ead3-4b4a-a208-d39038a85480
Chiah, A.R.
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Han, W.M.
1e2f4871-5c68-4803-b970-767ed2c45ddc
Saw, S.M.
0684517e-f27e-49f0-98c3-7630e8fd1bbd
Godfrey, K.M.
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Gluckman, Peter
b7a84049-7ad3-4227-aaed-5803367f77b2
Chong, Y-S.
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Yap, F.
2c155211-be02-4dd5-9528-16a714e77452
Lee, Y.S.
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Kramer, M.S.
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Chong, M.F.F.
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Lim, G.H., Toh, J.Y., Aris, I.M., Chiah, A.R., Han, W.M., Saw, S.M., Godfrey, K.M., Gluckman, Peter, Chong, Y-S., Yap, F., Lee, Y.S., Kramer, M.S. and Chong, M.F.F. (2016) Dietary pattern trajectories from 6 to 12 months of age in a multi-ethnic Asian cohort. Nutrients, 8 (6), 365. (doi:10.3390/nu8060365).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Little is known about the dietary patterns of Asian infants in the first year of life, nor of their associations with maternal socio-demographic factors. Based on the Growing Up in Singapore towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) mother-offspring cohort, cross-sectional dietary patterns were derived by factor analysis using 24-h recalls and food diaries of infants at 6-, 9- and 12-months of age. Dietary pattern trajectories were modeled by mapping similar dietary patterns across each age using multilevel mixed models. Associations with maternal socio-demographic variables, collected through questionnaires during pregnancy, were assessed using general linear models. In n = 486 infants, four dietary pattern trajectories were established from 6- to 12-months. Predominantly breastmilk: mainly breastmilk and less formula milk, Guidelines: rice porridge, vegetables, fruits and low-fat fish and meat, Easy-to-prepare foods: infant cereals, juices, cakes and biscuits and Noodles (in soup) and seafood: noodle and common accompaniments. In adjusted models, higher maternal education attainment was correlated with higher start scores on Predominantly breastmilk, but lowest education attainment increased its adherence over time. Older mothers had higher start scores on Easy-to-prepare foods, but younger mothers had increased adherence over time. Chinese mothers had higher start scores on Predominantly breastmilk but greater adherence to Guidelines over time, while Indian mothers had higher start scores on Easy-to-prepare foods but greater adherence to Predominantly breastmilk with time (p < 0.05 for all). Changes in trajectories over time were small. Hence, dietary patterns established during weaning are strongly influenced by maternal socio-demographic factors and remain stable over the first year of life

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Accepted/In Press date: 6 June 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 15 June 2016
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

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Local EPrints ID: 396982
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/396982
PURE UUID: 71dadf08-82c9-42dd-a22f-26b601117379

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Date deposited: 17 Jun 2016 15:34
Last modified: 06 Oct 2020 19:33

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Contributors

Author: G.H. Lim
Author: J.Y. Toh
Author: I.M. Aris
Author: A.R. Chiah
Author: W.M. Han
Author: S.M. Saw
Author: K.M. Godfrey
Author: Peter Gluckman
Author: Y-S. Chong
Author: F. Yap
Author: Y.S. Lee
Author: M.S. Kramer
Author: M.F.F. Chong

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