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The hubris hypothesis: the downside of comparative optimism displays

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According to the hubris hypothesis, observers respond more unfavorably to individuals who express their positive self-views comparatively than to those who express their positive self-views non-comparatively, because observers infer that the former hold a more disparaging view of others and particularly of observers. Two experiments extended the hubris hypothesis in the domain of optimism. Observers attributed less warmth (but not less competence) to, and showed less interest in affiliating with, an individual displaying comparative optimism (the belief that one’s future will be better than others’ future) than with an individual displaying absolute optimism (the belief that one’s future will be good). Observers responded differently to individuals displaying comparative versus absolute optimism, because they inferred that the former held a gloomier view of the observers’ future. Consistent with previous research, observers still attributed more positive traits to a comparative or absolute optimist than to a comparative or absolute pessimist.

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Citation

Hoorens, Vera, van Damme, Carolien, Helweg-Larsen, Marie and Sedikides, Constantine (2016) The hubris hypothesis: the downside of comparative optimism displays Consciousness and Cognition, pp. 1-34. (doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.07.003).

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 13 July 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 6 August 2016

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 397921
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/397921
ISSN: 1053-8100
PURE UUID: 6913f9a5-71fc-4d4a-95c4-7c65de0949b9

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Date deposited: 12 Jul 2016 08:45
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 18:34

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Contributors

Author: Vera Hoorens
Author: Carolien van Damme
Author: Marie Helweg-Larsen

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