The hubris hypothesis: the downside of comparative optimism displays


Hoorens, Vera, van Damme, Carolien, Helweg-Larsen, Marie and Sedikides, Constantine (2016) The hubris hypothesis: the downside of comparative optimism displays Consciousness and Cognition, pp. 1-34. (doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.07.003).

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Description/Abstract

According to the hubris hypothesis, observers respond more unfavorably to individuals who express their positive self-views comparatively than to those who express their positive self-views non-comparatively, because observers infer that the former hold a more disparaging view of others and particularly of observers. Two experiments extended the hubris hypothesis in the domain of optimism. Observers attributed less warmth (but not less competence) to, and showed less interest in affiliating with, an individual displaying comparative optimism (the belief that one’s future will be better than others’ future) than with an individual displaying absolute optimism (the belief that one’s future will be good). Observers responded differently to individuals displaying comparative versus absolute optimism, because they inferred that the former held a gloomier view of the observers’ future. Consistent with previous research, observers still attributed more positive traits to a comparative or absolute optimist than to a comparative or absolute pessimist.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1016/j.concog.2016.07.003
ISSNs: 1053-8100 (print)
ePrint ID: 397921
Date :
Date Event
13 July 2016Accepted/In Press
6 August 2016e-pub ahead of print
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2016 08:45
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 02:19
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/397921

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