The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

The hubris hypothesis: the downside of comparative optimism displays

Hoorens, Vera, van Damme, Carolien, Helweg-Larsen, Marie and Sedikides, Constantine (2016) The hubris hypothesis: the downside of comparative optimism displays Consciousness and Cognition, pp. 1-34.

Record type: Article


According to the hubris hypothesis, observers respond more unfavorably to individuals who express their positive self-views comparatively than to those who express their positive self-views non-comparatively, because observers infer that the former hold a more disparaging view of others and particularly of observers. Two experiments extended the hubris hypothesis in the domain of optimism. Observers attributed less warmth (but not less competence) to, and showed less interest in affiliating with, an individual displaying comparative optimism (the belief that one’s future will be better than others’ future) than with an individual displaying absolute optimism (the belief that one’s future will be good). Observers responded differently to individuals displaying comparative versus absolute optimism, because they inferred that the former held a gloomier view of the observers’ future. Consistent with previous research, observers still attributed more positive traits to a comparative or absolute optimist than to a comparative or absolute pessimist.

Other publications pdf's_In Press_Hoorens Van Damme Helweg-Larsen Sedikides in press Consciousness and Cognition.docx - Accepted Manuscript
Download (272kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 13 July 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 6 August 2016


Local EPrints ID: 397921
ISSN: 1053-8100
PURE UUID: 6913f9a5-71fc-4d4a-95c4-7c65de0949b9

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 12 Jul 2016 08:45
Last modified: 30 Aug 2017 12:47

Export record


Author: Vera Hoorens
Author: Carolien van Damme
Author: Marie Helweg-Larsen

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton:

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.