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Incorporating climate change mitigation and adaptation into environmental impact assessment: a review of current practice within transport projects in England

Incorporating climate change mitigation and adaptation into environmental impact assessment: a review of current practice within transport projects in England
Incorporating climate change mitigation and adaptation into environmental impact assessment: a review of current practice within transport projects in England
Climate change mitigation and adaptation can be perceived as neglected in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). In the light of amendments to the European Union EIA Directive (2014), we developed a novel criteria-based review package to assess climate change mitigation and adaptation as documented in Environmental Statements, and applied this to a sample of ten transport developments from England. Justifications relating to climate policy, climate science, the effect of climate change on the development, and its vulnerability to climate risks were well explained in most projects. Many projects lacked detail of climate change mitigation and adaptation measures and their benefits, whilst evidence of commitment to mitigation and adaptation or to post-decision monitoring was poor or non-existent; reportedly due to costs, time constraints and absence of mandatory requirements. It is recommended that to improve the effectiveness of the consideration of climate change mitigation and adaptation in EIA, the production of guidelines, change of behaviour of EIA practitioners, more holistic consideration of climate change issues, rigorous post-decision monitoring and use of climate change terminology are more widely adopted.
adaptation, climate change, mitigation, review, transport projects
1461-5517
330-345
Hands, Stephanie
748686f4-75e3-47cd-92d7-71c0653eff02
Hudson, Malcolm
1ae18506-6f2a-48af-8c72-83ab28679f55
Hands, Stephanie
748686f4-75e3-47cd-92d7-71c0653eff02
Hudson, Malcolm
1ae18506-6f2a-48af-8c72-83ab28679f55

Hands, Stephanie and Hudson, Malcolm (2016) Incorporating climate change mitigation and adaptation into environmental impact assessment: a review of current practice within transport projects in England. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 34 (4), 330-345. (doi:10.1080/14615517.2016.1228340).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Climate change mitigation and adaptation can be perceived as neglected in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). In the light of amendments to the European Union EIA Directive (2014), we developed a novel criteria-based review package to assess climate change mitigation and adaptation as documented in Environmental Statements, and applied this to a sample of ten transport developments from England. Justifications relating to climate policy, climate science, the effect of climate change on the development, and its vulnerability to climate risks were well explained in most projects. Many projects lacked detail of climate change mitigation and adaptation measures and their benefits, whilst evidence of commitment to mitigation and adaptation or to post-decision monitoring was poor or non-existent; reportedly due to costs, time constraints and absence of mandatory requirements. It is recommended that to improve the effectiveness of the consideration of climate change mitigation and adaptation in EIA, the production of guidelines, change of behaviour of EIA practitioners, more holistic consideration of climate change issues, rigorous post-decision monitoring and use of climate change terminology are more widely adopted.

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Accepted/In Press date: 16 June 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 27 September 2016
Published date: 27 September 2016
Keywords: adaptation, climate change, mitigation, review, transport projects
Organisations: Fluid Structure Interactions Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 398039
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/398039
ISSN: 1461-5517
PURE UUID: fbd645d0-7b53-40fa-b43e-04356b9735d7

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Date deposited: 15 Jul 2016 08:25
Last modified: 08 Jan 2022 07:44

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Contributors

Author: Stephanie Hands
Author: Malcolm Hudson

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