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Dispatch of vehicle-to-grid battery storage using an analytic hierarchy process

Dispatch of vehicle-to-grid battery storage using an analytic hierarchy process
Dispatch of vehicle-to-grid battery storage using an analytic hierarchy process
The number of electric vehicles (EVs) is expected to increase significantly in the future to combat air pollution and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. This will impact on the power system. However, appropriate charging and discharging of EVs through vehicle-to-grid operations could also provide support for the power system and benefits for the EV owners. This raises the questions of when and how EV battery storage should be dispatched, taking into account both vehicle users’ and power system’s requirements and priorities, as well as the constraints of the battery system. This paper proposes a novel decentralized dispatch strategy based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) taking into account the relative importance of the different criteria including cost, battery state of charge, power system contingency and load levelling. The proposed AHP-based dispatch strategy was tested on an IEEE Reliability Test System with different EV numbers and capacities to investigate the efficacy of such an approach. The simulation results demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of this dispatch strategy.
0018-9545
1-13
Wang, Lu
22f5289e-46aa-418f-bdf7-95b76c40d4ee
Sharkh, Suleiman
c8445516-dafe-41c2-b7e8-c21e295e56b9
Chipperfield, Andrew
524269cd-5f30-4356-92d4-891c14c09340
Cruden, Andrew
ed709997-4402-49a7-9ad5-f4f3c62d29ab
Wang, Lu
22f5289e-46aa-418f-bdf7-95b76c40d4ee
Sharkh, Suleiman
c8445516-dafe-41c2-b7e8-c21e295e56b9
Chipperfield, Andrew
524269cd-5f30-4356-92d4-891c14c09340
Cruden, Andrew
ed709997-4402-49a7-9ad5-f4f3c62d29ab

Wang, Lu, Sharkh, Suleiman, Chipperfield, Andrew and Cruden, Andrew (2016) Dispatch of vehicle-to-grid battery storage using an analytic hierarchy process. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 1-13. (doi:10.1109/TVT.2016.2591559).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The number of electric vehicles (EVs) is expected to increase significantly in the future to combat air pollution and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. This will impact on the power system. However, appropriate charging and discharging of EVs through vehicle-to-grid operations could also provide support for the power system and benefits for the EV owners. This raises the questions of when and how EV battery storage should be dispatched, taking into account both vehicle users’ and power system’s requirements and priorities, as well as the constraints of the battery system. This paper proposes a novel decentralized dispatch strategy based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) taking into account the relative importance of the different criteria including cost, battery state of charge, power system contingency and load levelling. The proposed AHP-based dispatch strategy was tested on an IEEE Reliability Test System with different EV numbers and capacities to investigate the efficacy of such an approach. The simulation results demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of this dispatch strategy.

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Accepted/In Press date: 6 July 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 14 July 2016
Organisations: Mechatronics

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 398130
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/398130
ISSN: 0018-9545
PURE UUID: 40de81ae-a914-43ab-bb6f-30c6a1eef7c6
ORCID for Andrew Chipperfield: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3026-9890
ORCID for Andrew Cruden: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3236-2535

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Jul 2016 09:43
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 02:01

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