The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Influences on diet quality in older age: the importance of social factors

Influences on diet quality in older age: the importance of social factors
Influences on diet quality in older age: the importance of social factors
Background

poor diet quality is common among older people, but little is known about influences on food choice, including the role of psychosocial factors at this age.

Objective

to identify psychosocial correlates of diet quality in a community-dwelling population of men and women aged 59–73 years; to describe relationships with change in diet quality over 10 years.

Design

Longitudinal cohort, Hertfordshire Cohort Study (HCS).
Subjects

HCS participants assessed at baseline (1998–2003: 1,048 men, 862 women); 183 men and 189 women re-assessed in 2011.

Methods

diet was assessed by administered food frequency questionnaire; diet scores were calculated to describe diet quality at baseline and follow-up. A range of psychosocial factors (social support, social network, participation in leisure activities, depression and anxiety, sense of control) were assessed by questionnaire.

Results

at baseline, better diet quality was related to a range of social factors, including increased confiding/emotional social support (men and women), practical support (men) and a larger social network (women) (all P < 0.05). For both men and women, greater participation in social and cognitive leisure activities was related to better diet quality (P < 0.005). There were few associations between measured psychosocial factors at baseline and change in diet score over 10 years, in the follow-up sub-group. However, greater participation in leisure activities, especially cognitive activities, at baseline was associated with smaller declines in diet quality over the 10-year follow-up period for both men (P = 0.017) and women (P = 0.014).

Conclusions

in community-dwelling older adults, a range of social factors, that includes greater participation in leisure activities, were associated with diets of better quality.
0002-0729
1-17
Bloom, Ilse
af2a38ab-3255-414d-afa1-e3089ee45e3f
Edwards, Mark
818201d5-7636-4292-9af8-7dd8bcd1fcb5
Jameson, Karen
d5fb142d-06af-456e-9016-17497f94e9f2
Syddall, Holly
a0181a93-8fc3-4998-a996-7963f0128328
Dennison, Elaine
ee647287-edb4-4392-8361-e59fd505b1d1
Gale, Catharine
5bb2abb3-7b53-42d6-8aa7-817e193140c8
Baird, Janis
f4bf2039-6118-436f-ab69-df8b4d17f824
Cooper, Cyrus
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Aihie Sayer, Avan
fb4c2053-6d51-4fc1-9489-c3cb431b0ffb
Robinson, Sian
ba591c98-4380-456a-be8a-c452f992b69b
Bloom, Ilse
af2a38ab-3255-414d-afa1-e3089ee45e3f
Edwards, Mark
818201d5-7636-4292-9af8-7dd8bcd1fcb5
Jameson, Karen
d5fb142d-06af-456e-9016-17497f94e9f2
Syddall, Holly
a0181a93-8fc3-4998-a996-7963f0128328
Dennison, Elaine
ee647287-edb4-4392-8361-e59fd505b1d1
Gale, Catharine
5bb2abb3-7b53-42d6-8aa7-817e193140c8
Baird, Janis
f4bf2039-6118-436f-ab69-df8b4d17f824
Cooper, Cyrus
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Aihie Sayer, Avan
fb4c2053-6d51-4fc1-9489-c3cb431b0ffb
Robinson, Sian
ba591c98-4380-456a-be8a-c452f992b69b

Bloom, Ilse, Edwards, Mark, Jameson, Karen, Syddall, Holly, Dennison, Elaine, Gale, Catharine, Baird, Janis, Cooper, Cyrus, Aihie Sayer, Avan and Robinson, Sian (2016) Influences on diet quality in older age: the importance of social factors. Age and Ageing, 1-17. (doi:10.1093/ageing/afw180). (PMID:27744301)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background

poor diet quality is common among older people, but little is known about influences on food choice, including the role of psychosocial factors at this age.

Objective

to identify psychosocial correlates of diet quality in a community-dwelling population of men and women aged 59–73 years; to describe relationships with change in diet quality over 10 years.

Design

Longitudinal cohort, Hertfordshire Cohort Study (HCS).
Subjects

HCS participants assessed at baseline (1998–2003: 1,048 men, 862 women); 183 men and 189 women re-assessed in 2011.

Methods

diet was assessed by administered food frequency questionnaire; diet scores were calculated to describe diet quality at baseline and follow-up. A range of psychosocial factors (social support, social network, participation in leisure activities, depression and anxiety, sense of control) were assessed by questionnaire.

Results

at baseline, better diet quality was related to a range of social factors, including increased confiding/emotional social support (men and women), practical support (men) and a larger social network (women) (all P < 0.05). For both men and women, greater participation in social and cognitive leisure activities was related to better diet quality (P < 0.005). There were few associations between measured psychosocial factors at baseline and change in diet score over 10 years, in the follow-up sub-group. However, greater participation in leisure activities, especially cognitive activities, at baseline was associated with smaller declines in diet quality over the 10-year follow-up period for both men (P = 0.017) and women (P = 0.014).

Conclusions

in community-dwelling older adults, a range of social factors, that includes greater participation in leisure activities, were associated with diets of better quality.

Text
AgeAgeingDietSocial August 2016 - final.doc - Accepted Manuscript
Download (389kB)
Text
AgeAgeingSupplementaryDataAug2016 - final.doc - Other
Download (116kB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 26 August 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 15 October 2016
Published date: 15 October 2016
Organisations: Faculty of Medicine

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 399876
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/399876
ISSN: 0002-0729
PURE UUID: ce74b43d-89f4-4318-8293-514455427e4d
ORCID for Holly Syddall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0171-0306
ORCID for Elaine Dennison: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3048-4961
ORCID for Catharine Gale: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3361-8638
ORCID for Janis Baird: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4039-4361
ORCID for Cyrus Cooper: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3510-0709
ORCID for Sian Robinson: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1766-7269

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 Sep 2016 09:59
Last modified: 15 Aug 2019 05:20

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Ilse Bloom
Author: Mark Edwards
Author: Karen Jameson
Author: Holly Syddall ORCID iD
Author: Elaine Dennison ORCID iD
Author: Catharine Gale ORCID iD
Author: Janis Baird ORCID iD
Author: Cyrus Cooper ORCID iD
Author: Sian Robinson ORCID iD

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×