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Biological attacks and the non-state actor: a threat assessment

Biological attacks and the non-state actor: a threat assessment
Biological attacks and the non-state actor: a threat assessment
In a climate of political concern about the deliberate dissemination of pathogenic micro-organisms, this article assesses the nature and scope of the threat to national security posed by actors other than states. Key factors include the motivations and disincentives for carrying out a biological attack and the technical challenges likely to be encountered by a non-state organization that decides to use disease as its weapon of choice. The assessment concludes that non-state organizations do not at present pose a great threat, that biological attacks should generally not be regarded as a ‘WMD’ issue, but also that the conduct of individual scientists engaged in pathogen research warrants careful monitoring.
0268-4527
911-930
Enemark, Christian
004b6521-f1bb-426a-a37b-686c6a8061f6
Enemark, Christian
004b6521-f1bb-426a-a37b-686c6a8061f6

Enemark, Christian (2006) Biological attacks and the non-state actor: a threat assessment. Intelligence and National Security, 21 (6), 911-930. (doi:10.1080/02684520601046226).

Record type: Article

Abstract

In a climate of political concern about the deliberate dissemination of pathogenic micro-organisms, this article assesses the nature and scope of the threat to national security posed by actors other than states. Key factors include the motivations and disincentives for carrying out a biological attack and the technical challenges likely to be encountered by a non-state organization that decides to use disease as its weapon of choice. The assessment concludes that non-state organizations do not at present pose a great threat, that biological attacks should generally not be regarded as a ‘WMD’ issue, but also that the conduct of individual scientists engaged in pathogen research warrants careful monitoring.

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More information

Published date: 22 December 2006
Organisations: Politics & International Relations

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 400223
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/400223
ISSN: 0268-4527
PURE UUID: 6cdc7291-e9e5-4aec-80f6-2cb2bd0ee7f7
ORCID for Christian Enemark: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1833-0927

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Sep 2016 15:10
Last modified: 08 Jan 2022 03:29

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