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The subarcsecond mid-infrared view of local active galactic nuclei – I. The N- and Q-band imaging atlas?

The subarcsecond mid-infrared view of local active galactic nuclei – I. The N- and Q-band imaging atlas?
The subarcsecond mid-infrared view of local active galactic nuclei – I. The N- and Q-band imaging atlas?
We present the first subarcsecond-resolution mid-infrared (MIR) atlas of local active galactic nuclei (AGN). Our atlas contains 253 AGN with a median redshift of z = 0.016, and includes all publicly available MIR imaging performed to date with ground-based 8 m class telescopes, a total of 895 independent measurements. Of these, more than 60 % are published here for the first time. We detect extended nuclear emission in at least 21 % of the objects, while another 19 % appear clearly point-like, and the remaining objects cannot be constrained. Where present, elongated nuclear emission aligns with the ionization cones in Seyferts. Subarcsecond resolution allows us to isolate the AGN emission on scales of a few tens of parsecs and to obtain nuclear photometry in multiple filters for the objects. Median spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for the different optical AGN types are constructed and individual MIR 12 and 18 µm continuum luminosities are computed. These range over more than six orders of magnitude. In comparison to the arcsecond-scale MIR emission as probed by Spitzer, the continuum emission is much lower on subarcsecond scales in many cases. The silicate feature strength is similar on both scales and generally appears in emission (absorption) in type I (II) AGN. However, the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emission appears weaker or absent on subarcsecond scales. The differences of the MIR SEDs on both scales are particularly large for AGN/starburst composites and close-by (and weak) AGN. The nucleus dominates over the total emission of the galaxy only at luminosities >1044 erg s-1. The AGN MIR atlas is well suited not only for detailed investigation of individual sources but also for statistical studies of AGN unification
0035-8711
1648-1679
Asmus, D.
f783516a-c74c-4912-b68e-4e896e4317b2
Hoenig, Sebastian
be0bb8bc-bdac-4442-8edc-f735834f3917
Gandhi, Poshak
5bc3b5af-42b0-4dd8-8f1f-f74048d4d4a9
Smette, A.
c9532be2-1499-4abb-9ec9-e8b8c291874b
Duschi, W.J.
a7d51db6-0921-4f99-accc-f3cd9794ddb2
Asmus, D.
f783516a-c74c-4912-b68e-4e896e4317b2
Hoenig, Sebastian
be0bb8bc-bdac-4442-8edc-f735834f3917
Gandhi, Poshak
5bc3b5af-42b0-4dd8-8f1f-f74048d4d4a9
Smette, A.
c9532be2-1499-4abb-9ec9-e8b8c291874b
Duschi, W.J.
a7d51db6-0921-4f99-accc-f3cd9794ddb2

Asmus, D., Hoenig, Sebastian, Gandhi, Poshak, Smette, A. and Duschi, W.J. (2014) The subarcsecond mid-infrared view of local active galactic nuclei – I. The N- and Q-band imaging atlas? Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 439 (2), 1648-1679. (doi:10.1093/mnras/stu041).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We present the first subarcsecond-resolution mid-infrared (MIR) atlas of local active galactic nuclei (AGN). Our atlas contains 253 AGN with a median redshift of z = 0.016, and includes all publicly available MIR imaging performed to date with ground-based 8 m class telescopes, a total of 895 independent measurements. Of these, more than 60 % are published here for the first time. We detect extended nuclear emission in at least 21 % of the objects, while another 19 % appear clearly point-like, and the remaining objects cannot be constrained. Where present, elongated nuclear emission aligns with the ionization cones in Seyferts. Subarcsecond resolution allows us to isolate the AGN emission on scales of a few tens of parsecs and to obtain nuclear photometry in multiple filters for the objects. Median spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for the different optical AGN types are constructed and individual MIR 12 and 18 µm continuum luminosities are computed. These range over more than six orders of magnitude. In comparison to the arcsecond-scale MIR emission as probed by Spitzer, the continuum emission is much lower on subarcsecond scales in many cases. The silicate feature strength is similar on both scales and generally appears in emission (absorption) in type I (II) AGN. However, the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emission appears weaker or absent on subarcsecond scales. The differences of the MIR SEDs on both scales are particularly large for AGN/starburst composites and close-by (and weak) AGN. The nucleus dominates over the total emission of the galaxy only at luminosities >1044 erg s-1. The AGN MIR atlas is well suited not only for detailed investigation of individual sources but also for statistical studies of AGN unification

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Hoenig The subarcsecond mid-infrared view of local activity - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 7 January 2014
Published date: 17 February 2014
Organisations: Theoretical Partical Physics Group

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 401038
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/401038
ISSN: 0035-8711
PURE UUID: b4fc08c1-c009-476e-acb9-b4cc828cc0b8
ORCID for Poshak Gandhi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3105-2615

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Date deposited: 03 Oct 2016 13:22
Last modified: 10 Dec 2019 01:33

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