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The importance of sleep: attentional problems in school-aged children with Down Syndrome and Williams Syndrome

The importance of sleep: attentional problems in school-aged children with Down Syndrome and Williams Syndrome
The importance of sleep: attentional problems in school-aged children with Down Syndrome and Williams Syndrome
In typically developing (TD) children, sleep problems have been associated with day-time attentional difficulties. Children with developmental disabilities often suffer with sleep and attention problems, yet their relationship is poorly understood. The present study investigated this association in school-aged children with Down syndrome (DS) and Williams syndrome (WS). Actigraphy and pulse oximetry assessed sleep and sleep-disordered breathing respectively, and attention was tested using a novel visual Continuous Performance Task (CPT).Attentional deficits were evident in both disorder groups. In the TD group, higher scores on the CPT were related to better sleep quality, higher oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), and fewer desaturation events. Sleep quality, duration, and SpO2 variables were not related to CPT performance for children with DS and WS.
1540-2002
455-471
Ashworth, Anna
7de5ce4f-3aaf-480a-a78d-3dc1f33a1a08
Hill, Catherine M.
867cd0a0-dabc-4152-b4bf-8e9fbc0edf8d
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette
b205fed0-9a5f-4384-8c4d-5cddf8063578
Dimitriou, Dagmara
e0254a64-7764-4533-886b-93597d8ca7c9
Ashworth, Anna
7de5ce4f-3aaf-480a-a78d-3dc1f33a1a08
Hill, Catherine M.
867cd0a0-dabc-4152-b4bf-8e9fbc0edf8d
Karmiloff-Smith, Annette
b205fed0-9a5f-4384-8c4d-5cddf8063578
Dimitriou, Dagmara
e0254a64-7764-4533-886b-93597d8ca7c9

Ashworth, Anna, Hill, Catherine M., Karmiloff-Smith, Annette and Dimitriou, Dagmara (2015) The importance of sleep: attentional problems in school-aged children with Down Syndrome and Williams Syndrome. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 13 (6), 455-471.

Record type: Article

Abstract

In typically developing (TD) children, sleep problems have been associated with day-time attentional difficulties. Children with developmental disabilities often suffer with sleep and attention problems, yet their relationship is poorly understood. The present study investigated this association in school-aged children with Down syndrome (DS) and Williams syndrome (WS). Actigraphy and pulse oximetry assessed sleep and sleep-disordered breathing respectively, and attention was tested using a novel visual Continuous Performance Task (CPT).Attentional deficits were evident in both disorder groups. In the TD group, higher scores on the CPT were related to better sleep quality, higher oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), and fewer desaturation events. Sleep quality, duration, and SpO2 variables were not related to CPT performance for children with DS and WS.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 18 May 2014
e-pub ahead of print date: 15 August 2014
Published date: 2015
Organisations: Clinical & Experimental Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 401650
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/401650
ISSN: 1540-2002
PURE UUID: 77cd3dda-e5b1-4497-9380-dd7aa0e395e2

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Oct 2016 09:08
Last modified: 07 Oct 2017 11:43

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