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Regulation of emotion in ADHD: can children with ADHD override the natural tendency to approach positive and avoid negative pictures?

Regulation of emotion in ADHD: can children with ADHD override the natural tendency to approach positive and avoid negative pictures?
Regulation of emotion in ADHD: can children with ADHD override the natural tendency to approach positive and avoid negative pictures?
Studies have demonstrated inefficient use of antecedent-focused emotion regulation strategies in children with ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the current study we tested for the first time if ADHD is also associated with difficulties in response-focused strategies by measuring the ability to override action tendencies induced by emotional information. Performance data on a computer-based approach-avoidance paradigm of 28 children with ADHD and 38 typically developing children between 8 and 15 years of age were analyzed, by comparing a congruent condition in which they were instructed to approach positive and avoid negative pictures and an incongruent condition where they had to override these automatic reactions and approach negative and avoid positive pictures. Children also rated the valence and salience of the pictures. Children with ADHD and typically developing children rated the emotional valence of the pictures appropriately and similarly, while positive pictures were rated as more arousing by children with ADHD. Solid congruency effects were found indicating that the task measured response-focused emotion regulation; however groups did not differ in this respect. Our findings do not support a deficit in emotion regulation in ADHD in terms of the ability to override natural tendencies to approach positive and avoid negative pictures.
0300-9564
1-10
Van Cauwenberge, Valerie
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Sonuga-Barke, Edmund
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Hoppenbrouwers, Karel
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Va Leeuwen, Karla
09a1e3b5-3a1e-4b98-b324-19bf3e0aea38
Wiersema, Jan R.
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Van Cauwenberge, Valerie
d1dd437e-2afd-401f-80ba-315ba98775f4
Sonuga-Barke, Edmund
bc80bf95-6cf9-4c76-a09d-eaaf0b717635
Hoppenbrouwers, Karel
1f4e271f-f557-41cf-96c0-dccc8dc70dab
Va Leeuwen, Karla
09a1e3b5-3a1e-4b98-b324-19bf3e0aea38
Wiersema, Jan R.
cc91556a-6a9f-4079-b0b8-502bd729b936

Van Cauwenberge, Valerie, Sonuga-Barke, Edmund, Hoppenbrouwers, Karel, Va Leeuwen, Karla and Wiersema, Jan R. (2016) Regulation of emotion in ADHD: can children with ADHD override the natural tendency to approach positive and avoid negative pictures? Journal of Neural Transmission, 1-10. (doi:10.1007/s00702-016-1631-5). (PMID:27744615)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Studies have demonstrated inefficient use of antecedent-focused emotion regulation strategies in children with ADHD attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the current study we tested for the first time if ADHD is also associated with difficulties in response-focused strategies by measuring the ability to override action tendencies induced by emotional information. Performance data on a computer-based approach-avoidance paradigm of 28 children with ADHD and 38 typically developing children between 8 and 15 years of age were analyzed, by comparing a congruent condition in which they were instructed to approach positive and avoid negative pictures and an incongruent condition where they had to override these automatic reactions and approach negative and avoid positive pictures. Children also rated the valence and salience of the pictures. Children with ADHD and typically developing children rated the emotional valence of the pictures appropriately and similarly, while positive pictures were rated as more arousing by children with ADHD. Solid congruency effects were found indicating that the task measured response-focused emotion regulation; however groups did not differ in this respect. Our findings do not support a deficit in emotion regulation in ADHD in terms of the ability to override natural tendencies to approach positive and avoid negative pictures.

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__soton.ac.uk_ude_PersonalFiles_Users_bs1c06_mydocuments_PAPERS PDF_FINAL AUTHOR VERSIONS_Van Cauwenberge, Sonuga-Barke, et al, J Neural Transm, Regulation of emotion in ADHD.docx - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 6 October 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 15 October 2016
Organisations: Clinical Neuroscience

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 401718
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/401718
ISSN: 0300-9564
PURE UUID: 76853f11-d056-471d-8735-5a612542abd6

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Date deposited: 20 Oct 2016 12:20
Last modified: 10 Dec 2019 06:22

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