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Emotional conditioning to masked stimuli and modulation of visuospatial attention

Emotional conditioning to masked stimuli and modulation of visuospatial attention
Emotional conditioning to masked stimuli and modulation of visuospatial attention
Two studies investigated the effects of conditioning to masked stimuli on visuospatial attention. During the conditioning phase, masked snakes and spiders were paired with a burst of white noise, or paired with an innocuous tone, in the conditioned stimulus (CS)+ and CS? conditions, respectively. Attentional allocation to the CSs was then assessed with a visual probe task, in which the CSs were presented unmasked (Experiment 1) or both unmasked and masked (Experiment 2), together with fear-irrelevant control stimuli (flowers and mushrooms). In Experiment 1, participants preferentially allocated attention to CS+ relative to control stimuli. Experiment 2 suggested that this attentional bias depended on the perceived aversiveness of the unconditioned stimulus and did not require conscious recognition of the CSs during both acquisition and expression.
1528-3542
67-79
Beaver, John D.
5ec80bff-a147-45f4-a866-eeb9c150760d
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30
Beaver, John D.
5ec80bff-a147-45f4-a866-eeb9c150760d
Bradley, Brendan P.
bdacaa6c-528b-4086-9448-27ebfe463514
Mogg, Karin
5f1474af-85f5-4fd3-8eb6-0371be848e30

Beaver, John D., Bradley, Brendan P. and Mogg, Karin (2005) Emotional conditioning to masked stimuli and modulation of visuospatial attention. Emotion, 5 (1), 67-79. (doi:10.1037/1528-3542.5.1.67).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Two studies investigated the effects of conditioning to masked stimuli on visuospatial attention. During the conditioning phase, masked snakes and spiders were paired with a burst of white noise, or paired with an innocuous tone, in the conditioned stimulus (CS)+ and CS? conditions, respectively. Attentional allocation to the CSs was then assessed with a visual probe task, in which the CSs were presented unmasked (Experiment 1) or both unmasked and masked (Experiment 2), together with fear-irrelevant control stimuli (flowers and mushrooms). In Experiment 1, participants preferentially allocated attention to CS+ relative to control stimuli. Experiment 2 suggested that this attentional bias depended on the perceived aversiveness of the unconditioned stimulus and did not require conscious recognition of the CSs during both acquisition and expression.

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Published date: March 2005

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 40174
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/40174
ISSN: 1528-3542
PURE UUID: 6d0feb12-a527-44f7-898a-52a04adf3e1b
ORCID for Brendan P. Bradley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2801-4271

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Date deposited: 30 Jun 2006
Last modified: 17 Dec 2019 01:52

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