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Gamifying self-management of chronic illnesses: amixed-methods study

Gamifying self-management of chronic illnesses: amixed-methods study
Gamifying self-management of chronic illnesses: amixed-methods study
Background: Self-management of chronic illnesses is an ongoing issue in health care research. Gamification is a concept that arose in the field of computer science and has been borrowed by many other disciplines. It is perceived by many that gamification can improve the self-management experience of people with chronic illnesses. This paper discusses the validation of a framework (called The Wheel of Sukr) that was introduced to achieve this goal.

Objective: This research aims to (1) discuss a gamification framework targeting the self-management of chronic illnesses and (2) validate the framework by diabetic patients, medical professionals, and game experts.

Methods: A mixed-method approach was used to validate the framework. Expert interviews (N=8) were conducted in order to validate the themes of the framework. Additionally, diabetic participants completed a questionnaire (N=42) in order to measure their attitudes toward the themes of the framework.

Results: The results provide a validation of the framework. This indicates that gamification might improve the self-management of chronic illnesses, such as diabetes. Namely, the eight themes in the Wheel of Sukr (fun, esteem, socializing, self-management, self-representation, motivation, growth, sustainability) were perceived positively by 71% (30/42) of the participants with P value <.001.

Conclusions: In this research, both the interviews and the questionnaire yielded positive results that validate the framework (The Wheel of Sukr). Generally, this study indicates an overall acceptance of the notion of gamification in the self-management of diabetes
1-11
Almarshedi, Alaa
1a462e08-30cc-44fa-8ded-8b899762b692
Wills, Gary
3a594558-6921-4e82-8098-38cd8d4e8aa0
Ranchhod, Ashok
4502275c-3dca-4c29-a2cb-3a0356e4de0e
Almarshedi, Alaa
1a462e08-30cc-44fa-8ded-8b899762b692
Wills, Gary
3a594558-6921-4e82-8098-38cd8d4e8aa0
Ranchhod, Ashok
4502275c-3dca-4c29-a2cb-3a0356e4de0e

Almarshedi, Alaa, Wills, Gary and Ranchhod, Ashok (2016) Gamifying self-management of chronic illnesses: amixed-methods study. JMIR Serious Games, 4 (2), 1-11. (doi:10.2196/games.5943). (PMID:27612632)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: Self-management of chronic illnesses is an ongoing issue in health care research. Gamification is a concept that arose in the field of computer science and has been borrowed by many other disciplines. It is perceived by many that gamification can improve the self-management experience of people with chronic illnesses. This paper discusses the validation of a framework (called The Wheel of Sukr) that was introduced to achieve this goal.

Objective: This research aims to (1) discuss a gamification framework targeting the self-management of chronic illnesses and (2) validate the framework by diabetic patients, medical professionals, and game experts.

Methods: A mixed-method approach was used to validate the framework. Expert interviews (N=8) were conducted in order to validate the themes of the framework. Additionally, diabetic participants completed a questionnaire (N=42) in order to measure their attitudes toward the themes of the framework.

Results: The results provide a validation of the framework. This indicates that gamification might improve the self-management of chronic illnesses, such as diabetes. Namely, the eight themes in the Wheel of Sukr (fun, esteem, socializing, self-management, self-representation, motivation, growth, sustainability) were perceived positively by 71% (30/42) of the participants with P value <.001.

Conclusions: In this research, both the interviews and the questionnaire yielded positive results that validate the framework (The Wheel of Sukr). Generally, this study indicates an overall acceptance of the notion of gamification in the self-management of diabetes

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More information

Submitted date: May 2016
Accepted/In Press date: 12 August 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 September 2016
Organisations: Electronics & Computer Science

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 401775
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/401775
PURE UUID: dc10c019-7e04-4652-b085-6770dfbb5cb9
ORCID for Alaa Almarshedi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9645-1014
ORCID for Gary Wills: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5771-4088
ORCID for Ashok Ranchhod: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4269-8825

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 14 Dec 2016 09:39
Last modified: 06 Jun 2018 13:03

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Contributors

Author: Alaa Almarshedi ORCID iD
Author: Gary Wills ORCID iD
Author: Ashok Ranchhod ORCID iD

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