Self-enhancement and self-protection motivation: from the laboratory to an evolutionary context


Sedikides, Constantine, Skowronski, John J. and Gaertner, Lowell (2004) Self-enhancement and self-protection motivation: from the laboratory to an evolutionary context Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology, 2, (1-2), pp. 61-79. (doi:10.1556/JCEP.2.2004.1-2.4).

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Description/Abstract

Existing data suggest that the self-enhancement and self-protection motivations (which elevate or protect the positive self-concept) exert a pivotal influence on self-evaluation and behavior. Moreover, these motivations are more potent than the self-assessment motivation (which works to increase the accuracy of the self-concept) or the self-verification motivation (which works to confirm the self-concept). The data also suggest that the self-enhancement and self-protection motivations serve crucial mental health functions and that these functions are apparent across different cultures. This article relates these findings to the possible evolutionary utility of these motivations. It is argued that self-enhancement and self-protection motivations were evolutionarily selected, because they offered personal, relational, and group-rank advantages to species members who possessed these traits.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1556/JCEP.2.2004.1-2.4
ISSNs: 1589-5254 (print)
Keywords: evolution, mental health, culture, self-enhancement, self-protection, valuation motivation
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
ePrint ID: 40239
Date :
Date Event
2004Published
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 21:53
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/40239

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