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Memory perspective and self-concept in social anxiety: an exploratory study

Memory perspective and self-concept in social anxiety: an exploratory study
Memory perspective and self-concept in social anxiety: an exploratory study
The mental representation of self and observer perspective images are important maintaining factors in cognitive models of social phobia (Clark & Wells, 1995; Rapee & Heimberg, 1997). This study investigates Libby and Eibach's (2002) hypothesis that the observer perspective is used to recall memories that are incongruent with current self-concept. A total of 60 participants (divided into high and low social anxiety groups) completed a questionnaire in which they described current self-concept, recalled four memories of social occasions (two congruent, two incongruent), and rated memory age and vividness. Congruence was defined as memories that "fit" with current self-descriptions. A qualitative analysis of self-concept showed that both groups used a similar range of themes. High socially anxious participants recalled more observer perspective memories in the second incongruent memory. Congruence did not influence vividness, but public self-consciousness did. The implications of the results are discussed and suggestions made for future research.
0965-8211
489-495
Stopa, Luisa
b52f29fc-d1c2-450d-b321-68f95fa22c40
Bryant, Tess
15d14c64-4719-4df7-8f3d-7834a3813283
Maguire, Tessa
f720bf11-2227-470f-b9bf-b323a59e176c
Stopa, Luisa
b52f29fc-d1c2-450d-b321-68f95fa22c40
Bryant, Tess
15d14c64-4719-4df7-8f3d-7834a3813283
Maguire, Tessa
f720bf11-2227-470f-b9bf-b323a59e176c

Stopa, Luisa, Bryant, Tess and Maguire, Tessa (2004) Memory perspective and self-concept in social anxiety: an exploratory study. Memory, 12 (4), 489-495. (doi:10.1080/09658210444000098).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The mental representation of self and observer perspective images are important maintaining factors in cognitive models of social phobia (Clark & Wells, 1995; Rapee & Heimberg, 1997). This study investigates Libby and Eibach's (2002) hypothesis that the observer perspective is used to recall memories that are incongruent with current self-concept. A total of 60 participants (divided into high and low social anxiety groups) completed a questionnaire in which they described current self-concept, recalled four memories of social occasions (two congruent, two incongruent), and rated memory age and vividness. Congruence was defined as memories that "fit" with current self-descriptions. A qualitative analysis of self-concept showed that both groups used a similar range of themes. High socially anxious participants recalled more observer perspective memories in the second incongruent memory. Congruence did not influence vividness, but public self-consciousness did. The implications of the results are discussed and suggestions made for future research.

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Published date: 2004
Organisations: Cognition, Psychology

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 40252
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/40252
ISSN: 0965-8211
PURE UUID: 87602987-fe6d-49d6-909b-8d4170de8042

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Date deposited: 03 Jul 2006
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 19:00

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