Social trust, interpersonal trust and self-rated health in China: a multi-level study


Feng, Zhixin, Vlachantoni, Athina, Liu, Xiaoting and Jones, Kelvyn (2016) Social trust, interpersonal trust and self-rated health in China: a multi-level study International Journal for Equity in Health, 15, (180), pp. 1-11. (doi:10.1186/s12939-016-0469-7).

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Description/Abstract

Background: Trust is important for health at both the individual and societal level. Previous research using Western concepts of trust has shown that a high level of trust in society can positively affect individuals’ health; however, it has been found that the concepts and culture of trust in China are different from those in Western countries and research on the relationship between trust and health in China is scarce.

Method: The analyses use data from the national scale China General Social Survey (CGSS) on adults aged above 18 in 2005 and 2010. Two concepts of trust (“out-group” and “in-group” trust) are used to examine the relationship between trust and self-rated health in China. Multilevel logistical models are applied, examining the trust at the individual and societal level on individuals’ self-rated health.

Results: In terms of interpersonal trust, both “out-group” and “in-group” trust are positively associated with good health in 2005 and 2010. At the societal level, the relationships between the two concepts of trust and health are different. In 2005, higher “out-group” social trust (derived from trust in strangers) is associated with better health; however, higher “in-group” social trust (derived from trust in most people) is associated with poor health in 2010. The cross-level interactions show that lower educated individuals (no education or only primary level), rural residents and those on lower incomes are the most affected groups in societies with higher “out-group” social trust; whereas people with lower levels of educational attainment, a lower income, and those who think that most people can be trusted are the most affected groups in societies with higher “in-group” social trust.

Conclusion: High levels of interpersonal trust are of benefit to health. Higher “out-group” social trust is associated with better health; while higher “in-group” social trust is associated with poor health. Individuals with different levels of educational attainment are affected by trust differently.

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.1186/s12939-016-0469-7
ISSNs: 1475-9276 (print)
Organisations: Gerontology
ePrint ID: 402557
Date :
Date Event
31 October 2016Accepted/In Press
8 November 2016Published
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2016 14:45
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2017 01:01
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/402557

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