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Efficacy of clinical hypnosis in the enhancement of quality of life of terminally ill cancer patients

Efficacy of clinical hypnosis in the enhancement of quality of life of terminally ill cancer patients
Efficacy of clinical hypnosis in the enhancement of quality of life of terminally ill cancer patients
The fact that terminal cancer patients experience considerable psychological distress is now undisputed, but the effectiveness of psychological treatments in relieving this suffering is less clear. The aim of the present research was to evaluate the efficacy of clinical hypnosis in the enhancement of quality of life of patients with far-advanced cancer. Fifty terminally ill cancer patients were randomly assigned to two groups: standard care and hypnosis. Patients in the standard care group received routine medical and psychological care. Their medical treatment included pharmacological management of pain and other symptoms following the World Health Organization's model of palliative care (WHO, 1990). The psychological support consisted of supportive counselling based on the cognitive existential therapeutic tradition. In addition to the standard care, patients in the hypnosis group received weekly sessions of hypnosis with a therapist for four weeks. Outcome measures included quality of life, as measured by The Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (DeHaes, Olschewski, Fayers, Visser, Cull, Hopwood and Sanderman, 1996), and depression and anxiety, as measured by The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Zigmond and Snaith, 1983). Results demonstrated that at the end of intervention patients in the hypnosis group had significantly better overall quality of life and lower levels of anxiety and depression when compared to the standard care group. It is concluded that hypnosis is effective in the enhancement of quality of life in terminally ill cancer patients.
cancer, clinical hypnosis, efficacy, palliative care, quality of life
0960-5290
145-160
Liossi, Christina
fd401ad6-581a-4a31-a60b-f8671ffd3558
White, Paul
21cc3846-ced5-4079-8196-45a2e5476fea
Liossi, Christina
fd401ad6-581a-4a31-a60b-f8671ffd3558
White, Paul
21cc3846-ced5-4079-8196-45a2e5476fea

Liossi, Christina and White, Paul (2001) Efficacy of clinical hypnosis in the enhancement of quality of life of terminally ill cancer patients. Contemporary Hypnosis, 18 (3), 145-160. (doi:10.1002/ch.228).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The fact that terminal cancer patients experience considerable psychological distress is now undisputed, but the effectiveness of psychological treatments in relieving this suffering is less clear. The aim of the present research was to evaluate the efficacy of clinical hypnosis in the enhancement of quality of life of patients with far-advanced cancer. Fifty terminally ill cancer patients were randomly assigned to two groups: standard care and hypnosis. Patients in the standard care group received routine medical and psychological care. Their medical treatment included pharmacological management of pain and other symptoms following the World Health Organization's model of palliative care (WHO, 1990). The psychological support consisted of supportive counselling based on the cognitive existential therapeutic tradition. In addition to the standard care, patients in the hypnosis group received weekly sessions of hypnosis with a therapist for four weeks. Outcome measures included quality of life, as measured by The Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (DeHaes, Olschewski, Fayers, Visser, Cull, Hopwood and Sanderman, 1996), and depression and anxiety, as measured by The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Zigmond and Snaith, 1983). Results demonstrated that at the end of intervention patients in the hypnosis group had significantly better overall quality of life and lower levels of anxiety and depression when compared to the standard care group. It is concluded that hypnosis is effective in the enhancement of quality of life in terminally ill cancer patients.

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More information

Published date: 2001
Keywords: cancer, clinical hypnosis, efficacy, palliative care, quality of life

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 40301
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/40301
ISSN: 0960-5290
PURE UUID: 8d1ba564-0f58-4be8-9489-470f4f107ba0
ORCID for Christina Liossi: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0627-6377

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Date deposited: 03 Jul 2006
Last modified: 13 Jun 2019 00:35

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