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Supporting reasoning with different types of evidence in intelligence analysis

Supporting reasoning with different types of evidence in intelligence analysis
Supporting reasoning with different types of evidence in intelligence analysis
The aim of intelligence analysis is to make sense of information that is often conflicting or incomplete, and to weigh competing hypotheses that may explain a situation. This imposes a high cognitive load on analysts, and there are few automated tools to aid them in their task. In this paper, we present an agent-based tool to help analysts in acquiring, evaluating and interpreting information in collaboration with others. Agents assist analysts in reasoning with different types of evidence to identify what happened and why, what is credible, and how to obtain further evidence. Argumentation schemes lie at the heart of the tool, and sense-making agents assist analysts in structuring evidence and identifying plausible hypotheses. A crowdsourcing agent is used to reason about structured information explicitly obtained from groups of contributors, and provenance is used to assess the credibility of hypotheses based on the origins of the supporting information.
781-789
International Foundation for Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems
Toniolo, Alice
e54ad578-9232-471a-a5d7-cd3a7bc70872
Norman, Timothy
663e522f-807c-4569-9201-dc141c8eb50d
Etuk, Anthony
ef44dfa1-7b49-472a-a683-e0842f216457
Cerutti, Federico
fec75499-632a-460f-987a-1a09420d8cb1
Ouyang, Robin Wentao
a0886331-0eed-46ee-9b72-843ef2bb192f
Srivastava, Mani
77c0ad90-6073-4dd8-908f-05087d856cd6
Oren, Nir
00646ccd-977b-4442-88c7-d18089b26670
Dropps, Timothy
ac48e4f2-a2a2-4909-b305-29ea9a7491ad
Allen, John A.
c8bc97ae-351f-4252-aa21-b67737b97365
Sullivan, Paul
b406885e-cc88-4b09-85bd-d29bd41d3da7
Toniolo, Alice
e54ad578-9232-471a-a5d7-cd3a7bc70872
Norman, Timothy
663e522f-807c-4569-9201-dc141c8eb50d
Etuk, Anthony
ef44dfa1-7b49-472a-a683-e0842f216457
Cerutti, Federico
fec75499-632a-460f-987a-1a09420d8cb1
Ouyang, Robin Wentao
a0886331-0eed-46ee-9b72-843ef2bb192f
Srivastava, Mani
77c0ad90-6073-4dd8-908f-05087d856cd6
Oren, Nir
00646ccd-977b-4442-88c7-d18089b26670
Dropps, Timothy
ac48e4f2-a2a2-4909-b305-29ea9a7491ad
Allen, John A.
c8bc97ae-351f-4252-aa21-b67737b97365
Sullivan, Paul
b406885e-cc88-4b09-85bd-d29bd41d3da7

Toniolo, Alice, Norman, Timothy, Etuk, Anthony, Cerutti, Federico, Ouyang, Robin Wentao, Srivastava, Mani, Oren, Nir, Dropps, Timothy, Allen, John A. and Sullivan, Paul (2015) Supporting reasoning with different types of evidence in intelligence analysis. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems. International Foundation for Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems. 9 pp, pp. 781-789.

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

The aim of intelligence analysis is to make sense of information that is often conflicting or incomplete, and to weigh competing hypotheses that may explain a situation. This imposes a high cognitive load on analysts, and there are few automated tools to aid them in their task. In this paper, we present an agent-based tool to help analysts in acquiring, evaluating and interpreting information in collaboration with others. Agents assist analysts in reasoning with different types of evidence to identify what happened and why, what is credible, and how to obtain further evidence. Argumentation schemes lie at the heart of the tool, and sense-making agents assist analysts in structuring evidence and identifying plausible hypotheses. A crowdsourcing agent is used to reason about structured information explicitly obtained from groups of contributors, and provenance is used to assess the credibility of hypotheses based on the origins of the supporting information.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 28 January 2015
Published date: 4 May 2015
Venue - Dates: AAMAS '15: 2015 International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, Turkey, 2015-05-04 - 2015-05-08
Organisations: Agents, Interactions & Complexity

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 403389
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/403389
PURE UUID: 7d5a53d9-c765-43c7-b96c-23a8f5207f83
ORCID for Timothy Norman: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6387-4034

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 30 Nov 2016 12:46
Last modified: 19 Oct 2018 00:28

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