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Positive experiences and the relationship between stress and asthma in children.

Positive experiences and the relationship between stress and asthma in children.
Positive experiences and the relationship between stress and asthma in children.
Ninety children aged 6 to 13 y and suffering from chronic asthma were included in a prospective follow-up study lasting 18 mo in order to assess whether life events involving substantial positive effects on the child can protect against the increased risk associated with stressful life events. The main outcome measures included positive life events, positive long-term experiences, severely negative life events, chronic psychosocial stress and new asthma exacerbation. The results showed that, provided they occurred in close proximity to severely negative life events, positive life events, generally related to the child's own achievements, afforded protection against the increased risk of a new asthma exacerbation precipitated by severe events in children whose lives were marked by low to medium levels of chronic stress. No such effect was found in children exposed to high chronic stress nor did long-term positive experiences, such as when the child has a rewarding hobby, affect the asthma risk. Conclusion: Life events with a definite positive effect can counteract the increased risk of an asthma exacerbation precipitated by a severely negative life event, provided the chronic stress is only of low to medium level. Because this protective influence does not apply where there is high chronic stress, reducing this condition must be seen as a priority in children suffering from asthma, as these children are also more vulnerable to negative life events precipitating asthma exacerbation.
asthma, children, life, events, psychosocial, stress
0803-5253
152-158
Sandberg, S.
cc21d114-efce-4ae8-96d2-7f0ebce94500
McCann, D.
731f0e0f-66e6-4b65-bf62-32bad4b2402c
Ahola, S.
77a195c8-0ab2-46a8-a219-82823ff62802
Oja, H.
a32534da-83d6-4cfd-a050-bd8ea265d03e
Paton, J.
2a408ef2-60d8-4762-8339-34a156d21681
McGuinness, D.
6c691c20-5ccc-4ea2-8ec8-8f9f1d1ff4d4
Sandberg, S.
cc21d114-efce-4ae8-96d2-7f0ebce94500
McCann, D.
731f0e0f-66e6-4b65-bf62-32bad4b2402c
Ahola, S.
77a195c8-0ab2-46a8-a219-82823ff62802
Oja, H.
a32534da-83d6-4cfd-a050-bd8ea265d03e
Paton, J.
2a408ef2-60d8-4762-8339-34a156d21681
McGuinness, D.
6c691c20-5ccc-4ea2-8ec8-8f9f1d1ff4d4

Sandberg, S., McCann, D., Ahola, S., Oja, H., Paton, J. and McGuinness, D. (2002) Positive experiences and the relationship between stress and asthma in children. Acta Paediatrica, 91 (2), 152-158.

Record type: Article

Abstract

Ninety children aged 6 to 13 y and suffering from chronic asthma were included in a prospective follow-up study lasting 18 mo in order to assess whether life events involving substantial positive effects on the child can protect against the increased risk associated with stressful life events. The main outcome measures included positive life events, positive long-term experiences, severely negative life events, chronic psychosocial stress and new asthma exacerbation. The results showed that, provided they occurred in close proximity to severely negative life events, positive life events, generally related to the child's own achievements, afforded protection against the increased risk of a new asthma exacerbation precipitated by severe events in children whose lives were marked by low to medium levels of chronic stress. No such effect was found in children exposed to high chronic stress nor did long-term positive experiences, such as when the child has a rewarding hobby, affect the asthma risk. Conclusion: Life events with a definite positive effect can counteract the increased risk of an asthma exacerbation precipitated by a severely negative life event, provided the chronic stress is only of low to medium level. Because this protective influence does not apply where there is high chronic stress, reducing this condition must be seen as a priority in children suffering from asthma, as these children are also more vulnerable to negative life events precipitating asthma exacerbation.

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More information

Published date: 2002
Keywords: asthma, children, life, events, psychosocial, stress

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 40390
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/40390
ISSN: 0803-5253
PURE UUID: d223d083-e682-4bc1-ac4d-37ab75b9b3c2

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Jul 2006
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 19:00

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