Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger

Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger

On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1.0×10?21. It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the inspiral and merger of a pair of black holes and the ringdown of the resulting single black hole. The signal was observed with a matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 24 and a false alarm rate estimated to be less than 1 event per 203?000 years, equivalent to a significance greater than 5.1?. The source lies at a luminosity distance of 410+160?180??Mpc corresponding to a redshift z=0.09+0.03?0.04. In the source frame, the initial black hole masses are 36+5?4M? and 29+4?4M?, and the final black hole mass is 62+4?4M?, with 3.0+0.5?0.5M?c2 radiated in gravitational waves. All uncertainties define 90% credible intervals. These observations demonstrate the existence of binary stellar-mass black hole systems. This is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and the first observation of a binary black hole merger

Abbott, B.P.

20b32f53-5355-40eb-9d69-91c95d56e693

Abbott, R.

ceb7bd1e-f214-46dd-9972-a194692a86aa

Abbott, T.D.

40955bf8-1011-46ab-a787-34050875d7fe

Jones, D.I.

b8f3e32c-d537-445a-a1e4-7436f472e160

LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration

11 February 2016

Abbott, B.P.

20b32f53-5355-40eb-9d69-91c95d56e693

Abbott, R.

ceb7bd1e-f214-46dd-9972-a194692a86aa

Abbott, T.D.

40955bf8-1011-46ab-a787-34050875d7fe

Jones, D.I.

b8f3e32c-d537-445a-a1e4-7436f472e160

Abbott, B.P., Abbott, R. and Abbott, T.D. et al.
,
LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration
(2016)
Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger.
*Physical Review Letters*, 116 (6), [061102].
(doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.061102).

## Abstract

On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1.0×10?21. It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the inspiral and merger of a pair of black holes and the ringdown of the resulting single black hole. The signal was observed with a matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 24 and a false alarm rate estimated to be less than 1 event per 203?000 years, equivalent to a significance greater than 5.1?. The source lies at a luminosity distance of 410+160?180??Mpc corresponding to a redshift z=0.09+0.03?0.04. In the source frame, the initial black hole masses are 36+5?4M? and 29+4?4M?, and the final black hole mass is 62+4?4M?, with 3.0+0.5?0.5M?c2 radiated in gravitational waves. All uncertainties define 90% credible intervals. These observations demonstrate the existence of binary stellar-mass black hole systems. This is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and the first observation of a binary black hole merger

Other

** PhysRevLett.116.061102
- Version of Record**
## More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 11 February 2016

Published date: 11 February 2016

Organisations:
Applied Mathematics

## Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 404321

URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/404321

PURE UUID: 759c6a15-e7b7-4a91-a98e-aa0a46ceec9d

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Date deposited: 05 Jan 2017 14:03

Last modified: 31 Jul 2020 01:33

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## Contributors

Author:
B.P. Abbott

Author:
R. Abbott

Author:
T.D. Abbott

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