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Plasma source mass spectrometry for radioactive waste characterisation in support of nuclear decommissioning: a review

Plasma source mass spectrometry for radioactive waste characterisation in support of nuclear decommissioning: a review
Plasma source mass spectrometry for radioactive waste characterisation in support of nuclear decommissioning: a review
The efficient characterization of nuclear waste materials represents a significant challenge during nuclear site decommissioning, with a range of radionuclides requiring measurement in varied and often complex sample matrices. Of the available measurement techniques, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has traditionally been applied to long-lived radionuclides, particularly in the actinide series. With recent advances in the technique, both the sensitivities achievable and number of radionuclides potentially measurable has expanded, with the reduced procedural time offering significant economic benefits to nuclear site waste characterization compared with traditional radiometric (typically alpha and beta spectrometry) techniques. This review provides a broad assessment of recent developments, improvements in capability and describes the advantages and drawbacks of ICP-MS with regards to sample introduction and instrument design. The review will be of interest to international agencies concerned with nuclear decommissioning as well as nuclear site laboratories, project managers and sites involved in environmental monitoring and nuclear forensics.
0267-9477
494-526
Croudace, Ian W.
24deb068-d096-485e-8a23-a32b7a68afaf
Russell, Ben C.
856d9c75-b693-489f-88c2-1d614116688e
Warwick, Phillip E.
f2675d83-eee2-40c5-b53d-fbe437f401ef
Croudace, Ian W.
24deb068-d096-485e-8a23-a32b7a68afaf
Russell, Ben C.
856d9c75-b693-489f-88c2-1d614116688e
Warwick, Phillip E.
f2675d83-eee2-40c5-b53d-fbe437f401ef

Croudace, Ian W., Russell, Ben C. and Warwick, Phillip E. (2017) Plasma source mass spectrometry for radioactive waste characterisation in support of nuclear decommissioning: a review. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 32 (3), 494-526. (doi:10.1039/C6JA00334F).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The efficient characterization of nuclear waste materials represents a significant challenge during nuclear site decommissioning, with a range of radionuclides requiring measurement in varied and often complex sample matrices. Of the available measurement techniques, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has traditionally been applied to long-lived radionuclides, particularly in the actinide series. With recent advances in the technique, both the sensitivities achievable and number of radionuclides potentially measurable has expanded, with the reduced procedural time offering significant economic benefits to nuclear site waste characterization compared with traditional radiometric (typically alpha and beta spectrometry) techniques. This review provides a broad assessment of recent developments, improvements in capability and describes the advantages and drawbacks of ICP-MS with regards to sample introduction and instrument design. The review will be of interest to international agencies concerned with nuclear decommissioning as well as nuclear site laboratories, project managers and sites involved in environmental monitoring and nuclear forensics.

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Accepted/In Press date: 20 December 2016
e-pub ahead of print date: 20 December 2016
Published date: 1 March 2017
Organisations: Geochemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 404829
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/404829
ISSN: 0267-9477
PURE UUID: 86d0168f-4381-49e9-a3b2-4bca86690465
ORCID for Phillip E. Warwick: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8774-5125

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Date deposited: 17 Jan 2017 09:57
Last modified: 28 Oct 2023 04:49

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Contributors

Author: Ian W. Croudace
Author: Ben C. Russell

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