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Caenorhabditis elegans ivermectin receptors regulate locomotor behaviour and are functional orthologues of Haemonchus contortus receptors

Cook, Alan, Aptel, Nathalie, Portillo, Virginia, Siney, Elodie, Sihota, Rajinder, Holden-Dye, Lindy and Wolstenholme, Adrian (2006) Caenorhabditis elegans ivermectin receptors regulate locomotor behaviour and are functional orthologues of Haemonchus contortus receptors Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 147, (1), pp. 118-125. (doi:10.1016/j.molbiopara.2006.02.003).

Record type: Article


The target site for the anthelmintic action of ivermectin is a family of nematode glutamate-gated chloride channel alpha subunits (GluClalpha) that bind the drug with high affinity and mediate its potent paralytic action. Whilst the action of ivermectin on the pharyngeal muscle of nematodes is relatively well understood, its effect on locomotor activity is less clear. Here we use RNAi and gene knockouts to show that four GluClalpha subunits are involved in regulating the pattern of locomotor activity in Caenorhabditis elegans. A Haemonchus contortus orthologue of these subunits, HcGluClalpha3, has been shown to be expressed in the motor nervous system and here we have shown that it is a functional, as well as a structural, orthologue by virtue of the observation that it can restore normal motor movement in the C. elegans GluClalpha mutant, avr-14(ad1032), when expressed under the control of the avr-14 promoter. This supports the contention that ivermectin exerts its paralytic action on parasitic nematodes through activation of GluCl channels in the motor nervous system. Furthermore, functional complementation in C. elegans provides a method to further the understanding of this important class of anthelmintic targets.

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Published date: 24 February 2006
Keywords: glutamate-gated chloride channels, nematode, anthelmintic, ivermectin


Local EPrints ID: 40528
ISSN: 0166-6851
PURE UUID: 34f98b6f-eab8-4df9-b669-5e783a917407

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Date deposited: 03 Jul 2006
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:34

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Author: Alan Cook
Author: Nathalie Aptel
Author: Virginia Portillo
Author: Elodie Siney
Author: Rajinder Sihota
Author: Adrian Wolstenholme

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