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An ecosystem-based deep-ocean strategy

An ecosystem-based deep-ocean strategy
An ecosystem-based deep-ocean strategy
Increasing exploration and industrial exploitation of the vast and fragile deep-ocean environment for a wide range of resources (e.g., oil, gas, fisheries, new molecules, and soon, minerals) raises global concerns about potential ecological impacts (1–3). Multiple impacts on deep-sea ecosystems (>200 m below sea level; ?65% of the Earth's surface is covered by deep ocean) caused by human activities may act synergistically and span extensive areas. Cumulative impacts could eventually cause regime shifts and alter deep-ocean life-support services, such as the biological pump or nutrient recycling (2, 4, 5). Although international law and national legislation largely ignore the deep sea's critical role in the functioning and buffering of planetary systems, there are promising developments in support of deep-sea protection at the United Nations and the International Seabed Authority (ISA). We propose a strategy that builds from existing infrastructures to address research and monitoring needs to inform governments and regulators.
0036-8075
452-454
Danovaro, R.
eb18bf32-d311-4a1b-a93b-73cf78a55cec
Aguzzi, J.
c1018fb6-90fb-4771-b150-d23e0c5d92bc
Fanelli, E.
a3712cc3-c8d3-41de-9a8d-1191653b8756
Billett, D.
aab439e2-c839-4cd2-815c-3d401e0468db
Gjerde, K.
4ecbbb97-5a7d-4abf-aeb4-8d33bddce5fb
Jamieson, A.
46cb8dc6-2e94-47ba-9186-d03e864365a3
Ramirez-Llodra, E.
f7389836-dbeb-40a7-91ba-2b2665fa71d7
Smith, R.
fd87fb70-2513-469b-9955-69c9224f146b
Snelgrove, P.V.R.
42e2ea53-ca11-4620-bf91-14dd9bdb1089
Thomsen, L.
c9a45d50-43a4-4b2b-8037-50137134c58c
Van Dover, C.L.
be7f6833-328c-4d54-83ae-df116afcc487
Danovaro, R.
eb18bf32-d311-4a1b-a93b-73cf78a55cec
Aguzzi, J.
c1018fb6-90fb-4771-b150-d23e0c5d92bc
Fanelli, E.
a3712cc3-c8d3-41de-9a8d-1191653b8756
Billett, D.
aab439e2-c839-4cd2-815c-3d401e0468db
Gjerde, K.
4ecbbb97-5a7d-4abf-aeb4-8d33bddce5fb
Jamieson, A.
46cb8dc6-2e94-47ba-9186-d03e864365a3
Ramirez-Llodra, E.
f7389836-dbeb-40a7-91ba-2b2665fa71d7
Smith, R.
fd87fb70-2513-469b-9955-69c9224f146b
Snelgrove, P.V.R.
42e2ea53-ca11-4620-bf91-14dd9bdb1089
Thomsen, L.
c9a45d50-43a4-4b2b-8037-50137134c58c
Van Dover, C.L.
be7f6833-328c-4d54-83ae-df116afcc487

Danovaro, R., Aguzzi, J., Fanelli, E., Billett, D., Gjerde, K., Jamieson, A., Ramirez-Llodra, E., Smith, R., Snelgrove, P.V.R., Thomsen, L. and Van Dover, C.L. (2017) An ecosystem-based deep-ocean strategy. Science, 355 (6324), 452-454. (doi:10.1126/science.aah7178).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Increasing exploration and industrial exploitation of the vast and fragile deep-ocean environment for a wide range of resources (e.g., oil, gas, fisheries, new molecules, and soon, minerals) raises global concerns about potential ecological impacts (1–3). Multiple impacts on deep-sea ecosystems (>200 m below sea level; ?65% of the Earth's surface is covered by deep ocean) caused by human activities may act synergistically and span extensive areas. Cumulative impacts could eventually cause regime shifts and alter deep-ocean life-support services, such as the biological pump or nutrient recycling (2, 4, 5). Although international law and national legislation largely ignore the deep sea's critical role in the functioning and buffering of planetary systems, there are promising developments in support of deep-sea protection at the United Nations and the International Seabed Authority (ISA). We propose a strategy that builds from existing infrastructures to address research and monitoring needs to inform governments and regulators.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 2 February 2017
Published date: 3 February 2017
Organisations: Marine Biogeochemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 405515
URI: https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/405515
ISSN: 0036-8075
PURE UUID: 85545f54-02a6-447e-b3a4-534dbc743af9

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Date deposited: 03 Feb 2017 14:05
Last modified: 15 Jul 2019 19:42

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Contributors

Author: R. Danovaro
Author: J. Aguzzi
Author: E. Fanelli
Author: D. Billett
Author: K. Gjerde
Author: A. Jamieson
Author: E. Ramirez-Llodra
Author: R. Smith
Author: P.V.R. Snelgrove
Author: L. Thomsen
Author: C.L. Van Dover

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