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Anterior thigh tissue thickness measured using ultrasound imaging in older recreational female golfers and sedentary controls

Anterior thigh tissue thickness measured using ultrasound imaging in older recreational female golfers and sedentary controls
Anterior thigh tissue thickness measured using ultrasound imaging in older recreational female golfers and sedentary controls
Physical activity is vital for the prevention of sarcopenia and frailty. The training effects of recreational golf on muscle function in older people are unknown. The present study examined quadriceps muscle and subcutaneous fat thickness in 66 older females. Thirty-one golfers (mean age 69.1 years, standard deviation ±3.4) were compared with 35 less active non-golfers (73.4 ± 4.2 years). Images of the dominant anterior thigh were obtained using real-time B-mode ultrasound imaging. Thickness of muscle (rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, and intermuscular fascia) and subcutaneous tissue (fat and perimuscular fascia) was measured, and percentage contributions calculated. Muscle thickness was significantly greater (p < 0.001) in golfers (mean 2.78 cm ± 0.73 cm) than non-golfers (2.18 cm ± 0.55 cm). Mean percentage contribution of muscle and non-contractile tissue was 64% ± 9% and 36% ± 9%, respectively, in golfers, compared to 58% ± 8% and 42% ± 8% in non-golfers (p = 0.013). Multiple linear regression analysis, controlling for age and BMI, showed that golfers still had higher total anterior thigh thickness (regression parameter for non-golfers B = −0.984, p = 0.004) and higher muscle thickness (B = −0.619, p = 0.002). This study indicates an association between recreational golf and greater relative thigh muscle thickness and lower subcutaneous fat than in less active controls. Training effects need to be examined in prospective controlled trials in males and females in different age groups
Herrick, Isabel
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Brown, Simon
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Agyapong-Badu, Sandra
a48029a3-7908-47c3-84ff-0ad6898cbb1c
Warner, Martin
f4dce73d-fb87-4f71-a3f0-078123aa040c
Ewings, Sean
326656df-c0f0-44a1-b64f-8fe9578ca18a
Samuel, Dinesh
03b00738-9b9c-4c0a-a85a-cf43fc0932fc
Stokes, Maria
71730503-70ce-4e67-b7ea-a3e54579717f
Herrick, Isabel
b5087f40-7496-425f-a658-fb0d530daba5
Brown, Simon
81f6a7a5-379f-4b86-8b55-39f9799c23c8
Agyapong-Badu, Sandra
a48029a3-7908-47c3-84ff-0ad6898cbb1c
Warner, Martin
f4dce73d-fb87-4f71-a3f0-078123aa040c
Ewings, Sean
326656df-c0f0-44a1-b64f-8fe9578ca18a
Samuel, Dinesh
03b00738-9b9c-4c0a-a85a-cf43fc0932fc
Stokes, Maria
71730503-70ce-4e67-b7ea-a3e54579717f

Herrick, Isabel, Brown, Simon, Agyapong-Badu, Sandra, Warner, Martin, Ewings, Sean, Samuel, Dinesh and Stokes, Maria (2017) Anterior thigh tissue thickness measured using ultrasound imaging in older recreational female golfers and sedentary controls Geriatrics, 2, (1) (doi:10.3390/geriatrics2010010).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Physical activity is vital for the prevention of sarcopenia and frailty. The training effects of recreational golf on muscle function in older people are unknown. The present study examined quadriceps muscle and subcutaneous fat thickness in 66 older females. Thirty-one golfers (mean age 69.1 years, standard deviation ±3.4) were compared with 35 less active non-golfers (73.4 ± 4.2 years). Images of the dominant anterior thigh were obtained using real-time B-mode ultrasound imaging. Thickness of muscle (rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, and intermuscular fascia) and subcutaneous tissue (fat and perimuscular fascia) was measured, and percentage contributions calculated. Muscle thickness was significantly greater (p < 0.001) in golfers (mean 2.78 cm ± 0.73 cm) than non-golfers (2.18 cm ± 0.55 cm). Mean percentage contribution of muscle and non-contractile tissue was 64% ± 9% and 36% ± 9%, respectively, in golfers, compared to 58% ± 8% and 42% ± 8% in non-golfers (p = 0.013). Multiple linear regression analysis, controlling for age and BMI, showed that golfers still had higher total anterior thigh thickness (regression parameter for non-golfers B = −0.984, p = 0.004) and higher muscle thickness (B = −0.619, p = 0.002). This study indicates an association between recreational golf and greater relative thigh muscle thickness and lower subcutaneous fat than in less active controls. Training effects need to be examined in prospective controlled trials in males and females in different age groups

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Accepted/In Press date: 30 January 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 7 February 2017
Published date: 7 February 2017
Organisations: Faculty of Health Sciences, Statistics, Primary Care & Population Sciences

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 405773
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/405773
PURE UUID: 8e5b871a-ed92-48f1-83a1-ab6f9209eb94
ORCID for Simon Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9646-3285
ORCID for Martin Warner: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1483-0561
ORCID for Sean Ewings: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7214-4917
ORCID for Maria Stokes: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4204-0890

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Date deposited: 18 Feb 2017 00:20
Last modified: 27 Oct 2017 16:32

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Contributors

Author: Isabel Herrick
Author: Simon Brown ORCID iD
Author: Sandra Agyapong-Badu
Author: Martin Warner ORCID iD
Author: Sean Ewings ORCID iD
Author: Dinesh Samuel
Author: Maria Stokes ORCID iD

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