Anterior thigh tissue thickness measured using ultrasound imaging in older recreational female golfers and sedentary controls


Herrick, Isabel, Brown, Simon, Agyapong-Badu, Sandra, Warner, Martin, Ewings, Sean, Samuel, Dinesh and Stokes, Maria (2017) Anterior thigh tissue thickness measured using ultrasound imaging in older recreational female golfers and sedentary controls Geriatrics, 2, (1) (doi:10.3390/geriatrics2010010).

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Description/Abstract

Physical activity is vital for the prevention of sarcopenia and frailty. The training effects of recreational golf on muscle function in older people are unknown. The present study examined quadriceps muscle and subcutaneous fat thickness in 66 older females. Thirty-one golfers (mean age 69.1 years, standard deviation ±3.4) were compared with 35 less active non-golfers (73.4 ± 4.2 years). Images of the dominant anterior thigh were obtained using real-time B-mode ultrasound imaging. Thickness of muscle (rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, and intermuscular fascia) and subcutaneous tissue (fat and perimuscular fascia) was measured, and percentage contributions calculated. Muscle thickness was significantly greater (p < 0.001) in golfers (mean 2.78 cm ± 0.73 cm) than non-golfers (2.18 cm ± 0.55 cm). Mean percentage contribution of muscle and non-contractile tissue was 64% ± 9% and 36% ± 9%, respectively, in golfers, compared to 58% ± 8% and 42% ± 8% in non-golfers (p = 0.013). Multiple linear regression analysis, controlling for age and BMI, showed that golfers still had higher total anterior thigh thickness (regression parameter for non-golfers B = −0.984, p = 0.004) and higher muscle thickness (B = −0.619, p = 0.002). This study indicates an association between recreational golf and greater relative thigh muscle thickness and lower subcutaneous fat than in less active controls. Training effects need to be examined in prospective controlled trials in males and females in different age groups

Item Type: Article
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi:10.3390/geriatrics2010010
Organisations: Faculty of Health Sciences, Statistics, Primary Care & Population Sciences
ePrint ID: 405773
Date :
Date Event
30 January 2017Accepted/In Press
7 February 2017Published
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2017 00:20
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2017 17:13
Further Information:Google Scholar
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/405773

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